Integrate quotations

Academic writing requires you to integrate quotations into your own sentences, so don’t place them in sentences of their own.

Not integrated—avoid this

Jeffrey comments on the problem. “Our mayor abuses municipal funds!”

There are many ways you can acceptably integrate quotations:

Integrated with a colon

Jeffrey comments on the problem: “Our mayor abuses municipal funds!”

Integrated fluidly

Jeffrey is outraged that the mayor “abuses municipal funds.”

Integrated as dialogue

Commenting on the problem, Jeffry says, “Our mayor abuses municipal funds!”

Integrated with introduction

According to Jeffrey, “Our mayor abuses municipal funds!”

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Shane Bryson

Shane finished his master's degree in English literature in 2013 and has been working as a writing tutor and editor since 2009. He began proofreading and editing essays with Scribbr in early summer, 2014.

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