APA Citation Generator

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Generate website citation

Tip: Enter the URL of a webpage to automatically fill in the fields. New

Choose the type of website. If the type is not in the drop down list, choose ‘Other’. You can then fill in the source type yourself.

The source type will be shown in the citation (except for regular webpages).

Check 'Title not available?' if you can’t find the title. Instead write a short description of the source.

Use a capital letter for the first letter of the title, the subtitle and any names.

Example: Dynamic marketing behavior: A functionalist theory of marketing

Date you accessed the website.

Indicating the retrieval date is particularly useful when the contents of the source changes often (for example Wikipedia).

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* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

Generate book citation

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Tip: Enter the ISBN of the book to automatically fill in fields. New

Use a capital letter for the first letter of the title, the subtitle and any names.

Example: Sharing private information online: The mediator effect of social exchange

Only fill in the page numbers if the source is a chapter from a bundle.

Publication type

Sometimes only an online version of a book or bundle can be found.

Use the DOI if you have used a digital version. DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.

Example DOI: doi:10.1037 /1089-2680.10.4.377

Can’t find the DOI? Use the URL of the website where you have found the journal article.

If you have used the printed version of a book, you can leave the DOI and URL empty. However, you should fill in the name, city and country of the publisher.

To keep the publisher’s name brief remove the words ‘Publishers’, ‘Publishing’, ‘Co.’ and ‘Inc.’.

Don’t remove ‘Press’ or ‘Books’ if it is in the publisher’s name.

This can usually be found on the second page of the book.

Fill in the abbreviation of the state if the book is published in the United States.

Leave the state empty if the publisher is a university with the state in its name.

Example of a university with the state in its name: University of California Press

Leave empty if the year is unknown.

Fill in the edition of the book.

Leave empty if it is the first edition.

Rev. ed.
1st ed.
2nd ed.
3rd ed.

Quoting is when you literally copy a part of a text from a source. When you quote you must use quotation marks.

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

Example: This idea was recently explored by Palladino and Wade (2010). They noted that ‘a flexible mind is a healthy mind’ (Palladino & Wade, 2010, p. 147).

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

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* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

Generate citation for a journal article

Tip: Fill in the DOI of the journal article to automatically fill in all fields. New

Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title and the subtitle.

Example: Dynamic marketing behavior: A functionalist theory of marketing

Capitalize the first letter of the first and all main words. The subtitle is not mentioned.

Example: Journal of Marketing Research

If an article is accepted for publication, but is not yet published, you should mark the check box ‘Not published yet?’

Publication type

Journals are often published both in digital and printed format.

Use the DOI if you have used a digital version of the journal. DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.

Example DOI: doi:10.1037 /1089-2680.10.4.377

Can’t find the DOI? Use the URL of the website where you have found the journal article.

If you have used the printed version of the journal you can leave the DOI and URL inputs empty.

Quoting is when you literally copy a part of a text from a source. When you quote you must use quotation marks.

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

Example: This idea was recently explored by Palladino and Wade (2010). They noted that ‘a flexible mind is a healthy mind’ (Palladino & Wade, 2010, p. 147).

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

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* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

Generate newspaper or magazine article citation

Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title and the subtitle.

Example: Dynamic marketing behavior: A functionalist theory of marketing

For newspaper and magazine articles you also fill in the year, month and (optionally) day of publication.

Page numbers are not mandatory for online publications.

Publication type

Newspaper and magazines are often published on print as well as online.

Did you check the digital version? Fill in the url.

Quoting is when you literally copy a part of a text from a source. When you quote you must use quotation marks.

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

Example: This idea was recently explored by Palladino and Wade (2010). They noted that ‘a flexible mind is a healthy mind’ (Palladino & Wade, 2010, p. 147).

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

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* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

Report citation

Use this form for generating citations for all kinds of reports and for theses, essays, papers and dissertations from other students.

Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title and the subtitle.

Example: Dynamic marketing behavior: A functionalist theory of marketing

For most sources you should leave this field empty.

The report number should be mentioned between parentheses after the title.

These are added automatically.

Example: Deming, D. (2008). Lengthening of childhood (NBER Working Paper No. 14124). Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/papers/w14124

Example: Riediger, C. (2009). Psycho-analytical defense mechanisms (Master’s thesis, Vienna University of Technology, Austria). Retrieved from http://example.com/dipl/2009/AC05040439.pdf

Usually reports are published only digitally.

Did you use a printed version of the report? Search for the digital version on the internet or fill in the printed version at the tab ‘Book’.

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* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

Conference papers/proceedings citation

Use this option if the conference paper is available only online (e.g. as pdf).

For example, proceedings from a yearly conference.

A conference paper from a printed bundle of conference proceedings.

The whole publication instead of a single paper in the publication.

Use the 'Journal' tab for this type of conference paper

Treat a conference paper the same as a journal if proceedings are published on a regular basis. Use the form at the 'Journal' tab to generate this conference paper's reference.

Fill in the name of the conference in the field for journal title.

Fill in the title of the conference bundle.

Example: Proceedings of the Medtronic Forum for Neuroscience and Neuro-Technology

Use a capital letter for the first letter of the title, the subtitle and any names.

Examples: Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome: A movement disorder

Fill in the full name of the conference.

Example: Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems

Fill in the city where the conference took place.

Fill in the country where the conference took place.

Fill in the state if the conference took place in the Unites States

Only fill in the page numbers if the source is a chapter from a bundle.

Publication type

Sometimes a conference paper is only available in a digital format.

Use the DOI if you have used a digital version. DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier.

Example DOI: doi:10.1037 /1089-2680.10.4.377

Can’t find the DOI? Fill in the URL of the website.

To keep the publisher’s name brief remove the words ‘Publishers’, ‘Publishing’, ‘Co.’ and ‘Inc.’.

Don’t remove ‘Press’ or ‘Books’ if it is in the publisher’s name.

Fill in the publisher's city.

This can usually be found on the second page of the book.

Fill in the abbreviation of the state if the book is published in the United States.

Leave the state empty if the publisher is a university with the state in its name.

Example of a university with the state in its name: University of California Press

Leave empty if the year is unknown.

Fill in the edition of the book.

Leave empty if it is the first edition.

Rev. ed.
1st ed.
2nd ed.
3rd ed.

Quoting is when you literally copy a part of a text from a source. When you quote you must use quotation marks.

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

Example: This idea was recently explored by Palladino and Wade (2010). They noted that ‘a flexible mind is a healthy mind’ (Palladino & Wade, 2010, p. 147).

When you quote from a source you have to mention the page number in your in-text citation.

Clear form
Cancel
* Mandatory fields according to the official APA Manual (6th edition). Or use our APA Quick Guide.

How to use the APA Citation Generator?

We walk you through the APA Citation Generator using a quick and simple 8-step tour.

Which tab should I use?

  1. Click on the source you want to cite.
  2. The correct tab will open automatically.
  3. Fill in all required fields.
Journal articleAppsBlendle-article/ Newspaper article (internet)Commercial Radio/TVConference paperDictionaryDissertation of another studentE-bookFacebookForum postInternal documents (Intranet)Internet articleInterviewLecture slides/ handoutsNewspaper article (offline)OrationPatentPDF-documentPersonal communicationPhoto/ ImagePress releaseRadio/Tv-showReportSoftwareStatistic databaseTwitterWikipediaScientific (journal) article for publicationSurveyHow to cite a book in APAHow to cite a movie in APA

Frequently asked questions about the APA style

Where do I put citations in my text?

If you use several sources, you should refer to them frequently in your text. The basic rule is that it is better to refer to sources too much than too little.

Readers of your thesis should know at a glance if the information you are presenting is taken from a source.

See examples

What do I do if information is missing?

You may find that you don’t have all of the information normally required for a citation, particularly if you are using internet sources. If this happens, just skip those fields in the APA Generator. The citation will be generated for you in the correct manner.

See examples of sources that are missing a title, publication date or author.

What do I do with a source within a source (indirect reference)?

If you want to refer to a source that is included in another source, we recommend that you try to track down the original source. If you find it, you can then just cite it following the normal APA rules.

If you cannot find that original source, you should cite it through the source that mentioned it. This is called making an indirect reference or citing a secondary source.

Within your text, you then need to mention both authors.

Example: Driessen (in Swaen, 2014) uses three methods.

If one author has quoted another author, you need to add “as cited.”

Example: Driessen (in Swaen, 2014) describes three methods.

Learn more

What do I do with an intranet source?

We recommend treating intranet sources as normal internet sources in your thesis.

Include a brief citation in the text and list the source in your reference list as well. You should also add a footnote that indicates that the source is not available publicly.

For more a complete answer, check out our full article on intranet sources.

Can I translate a quote from a source?

If you want to use a translation of a quote, the APA Style says that you should treat it as paraphrased text – not a quote.

In this case, follow the regular rules for paraphrasing and don’t use quotation marks. In your reference list, write the original title followed by the translated title in square brackets: [x].

Learn more

How do I cite several publications from different authors?

Write the citations in alphabetical order, separated by semicolons and spaces.

Example: Several studies (Driessen & Anterveld, 2002; Swaen, 1997; Van Laak, 2011) show…

I have another question about the APA Generator…

Submit your question using our feedback form and we will try to get back to you within a day.

In-text citation examples

Warning! Use this citation if you've already used the above citation in your document.

APA Citation Quick Guide

Introduction

APA Manual Quick GuideAPA Style is one of the most popular citation styles.

This quick guide will help you become more familiar with APA Style’s citation guidelines. You can also check our full APA Style guide.

When you refer to a source in your work, include an in-text citation. This means citing the authors’ last names and the publication year directly in the sentence where you use the information.

After the main body of your work, include a reference list (also called a bibliography). In the reference list, cite all your references in full. This will help your readers retrieve the sources you use in your work.

In-text citations

An in-text citation is a concise way to show the reader where the original idea came from and to give credit to the original author.

According to APA’s citation guidelines, you should write down the last name of the authors and the year of publication. This can be done in multiple ways:

  • An earlier study in which X and Y were compared revealed that … (Smith, 1988).
  • Smith (1984) shows how, in the past, research into X was mainly concerned with …
  • In 1984, research was carried out by Smith that indicated that …

Multiple authors

When there are two authors, separate their last names with an ampersand.

When there are three or more authors, separate their last names using commas. The last two authors’ last names should be separated by both a comma and an ampersand (in a citation) or “and” (in the running text).

Two authors

  • Research shows that there is a great need for … (Reynolds & Thomas, 2014).
  • Reynolds and Thomas (2014) write that there is a great need for …

3-5 authors

  • Recent research suggests that there is … (McGuire, Morrison, Reynolds, & Thomas, 2014).
  • McGuire, Morrison, Reynolds, and Thomas (2014) argue that …

As you can imagine, citing a source with 3–5 authors takes up a lot of space in the text.

That is why you shorten the citation when you use the source a second, third or fourth time.

How? Instead of writing down all authors’ last names, write only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.,” which means “and others.”

  • In this research, many participants made use of … (McGuire et al., 2014).
  • McGuire et al. (2014) noticed that …

6 or more authors

When your source has six or more authors, simply use the last name of the first author followed by “et al.” in your in-text citation:

  • Lunott et al. (2015) see the …

Full guide for citing multiple authors

Organization as author

When the source is published by an organization instead of a person, cite the organization’s name as the author.

  • According to new research … (Microsoft, 2014).

Quotes

When you copy an excerpt of a text from another source and place it between quotation marks, you are quoting. When you quote, you are required to add the page number to the in-text citation.

  • This is also true from the business plan: “making an APA Generator is a lot of work, but many students benefit from it” (Swan, 2014, p. 5).

Multiple sources in one citation

Sometimes, it’s necessary to cite multiple sources in one sentence. You can do this by citing multiples sources and separating them using semicolons.

  • Various studies show that … (Docker & Vagrant, 2002; Porter, 1997; Lima, Swan, & Corrieri, 2012).

Full in-text citation guide

Reference list or bibliography

Every source that is cited in the text also has to be cited in full in your reference list.

The format differs depending on the source type (e.g. a website, journal, book, etc.), but every reference starts the same:

  • Format:
    LastnameAuthor1, InitialsAuthor1, & LastnameAuthor2, InitialsAuthor2. (PublicationYear/Date). Title.
  • In reference list:
    Beswick, G., & Rothblum, E. D. (1988). Psychological antecedents of student procrastination.

Book citations

Note: Book titles should be italicized.

  • Format:
    AuthorLastName, FirstInitial. (Year). TitleBook (edition). City, State/Country: Publisher.
  • In reference list:
    Porter, M.E. (1998). Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors (3th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

See example in APA Generator

Journal article citations

Note: The journal title and volume number should be italicized.

  • Format:
    AuthorLastName, FirstInitial., & Author LastName, FirstInitial. (Year). TitleArticle. TitleJournal, Volume(Issue), Page Number(s). https://doi.org/DoiNumber
  • In reference list:
    Andreff, W., & Staudohar, P. D. (2000). The evolving European model of professional sports finance. Journal of Sports Economics, 1(3), 257–276. https://doi.org./10.1177/152700250000100304

See example in APA Generator

Website citations

Nothing should be italicized.

  • Format:
    AuthorLastName, FirstInitial. (Year, Month Day). TitleArticle [OptionalType]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
  • In reference list:
    Worland, J. (2015, July 27). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/

See example in APA Generator

Report citations

Note: The title should be italicized.

  • Format:
    NameOrganization or AuthorLastName, FirstInitial. (YearofPublication). Title Report. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
  • In reference list:
    Royal Bank of Scotland. (2015). Annual Report and Accounts 2014. Retrieved from http://investors.rbs.com/~/media/Files/R/RBS-IR/2014-reports/annual-report-2014.pdf

See example in APA Generator

More APA Style examples

Do you want to cite a photo, interview, press release or another source type that is not on this list? We have many more APA Style examples to help you cite correctly.

Sorting the reference list

Sort the references in alphabetical order based on the author’s last names of that reference. If multiple sources are written by the same author(s), then sort them by publication year.

When you use the APA Citation Generator, your list is sorted automatically.

Full reference list guide

Avoid plagiarism

Plagiarism means copying someone else’s work, without giving that author credit. This is not only unfair for the original author, but also considered cheating and can have direct consequences for you. So, always try to avoid plagiarism!

Tips for avoiding plagiarism:

  • Save your sources. This way, you can keep track of them. You don’t necessarily have to have the citation perfectly formatted from the beginning.
  • When you quote or paraphrase text, temporarily highlight it to remind yourself that you need to add the correct citations.
    Check whether you’ve cited all your sources correctly, both in the text and in the reference list.
  • Quote, paraphrase and summarize other’s work correctly.
  • Run a plagiarism checker.

APA Generator FAQ

Where do I put citations in my text?

If you use several sources, you should refer to them frequently in your text. The basic rule is that it is better to refer to sources too much than too little.

Readers of your thesis should know at a glance if the information you are presenting is taken from a source.

See examples

What do I do if information is missing?

You may find that you don’t have all of the information normally required for a citation, particularly if you are using internet sources. If this happens, just skip those fields in the APA Generator. The citation will be generated for you in the correct manner.

See examples of sources that are missing a title, publication date or author.

What do I do with a source within a source (indirect reference)?

If you want to refer to a source that is included in another source, we recommend that you try to track down the original source. If you find it, you can then just cite it following the normal APA rules.

If you cannot find that original source, you should cite it through the source that mentioned it. This is called making an indirect reference or citing a secondary source.

Within your text, you then need to mention both authors.

Example: Driessen (in Swaen, 2014) uses three methods.

If one author has quoted another author, you need to add “as cited.”

Example: Driessen (in Swaen, 2014) describes three methods.

Learn more

What do I do with an intranet source?

We recommend treating intranet sources as normal internet sources in your thesis.

Include a brief citation in the text and list the source in your reference list as well. You should also add a footnote that indicates that the source is not available publicly.

For more a complete answer, check out our full article on intranet sources.

Can I translate a quote from a source?

If you want to use a translation of a quote, the APA Style says that you should treat it as paraphrased text – not a quote.

In this case, follow the regular rules for paraphrasing and don’t use quotation marks. In your reference list, write the original title followed by the translated title in square brackets: [x].

Learn more

How do I cite several publications from different authors?

Write the citations in alphabetical order, separated by semicolons and spaces.

Example: Several studies (Driessen & Anterveld, 2002; Swaen, 1997; Van Laak, 2011) show…

I have another question about the APA Generator…

Submit your question using our feedback form and we will try to get back to you within a day.