Citing internet sources without author, date or title according to the APA style

Web resources form a separate category in the APA Style. They consist of four components: author, publication date, title and URL.

Unfortunately, some of these components are often missing. For instance, there may be no author or publication date. What should you do if this is the case?

What’s missing?Solution
Nothing
No authorUse the title in place of author.
No dateUse “n.d.” date (which represents no year).
Not titleDescribe the source in brackets.
No author or dateCombine no author and no date.
No author or titleCombine no author and no title.
No date or titleCombine no date and no title.
No author, date or titleCombine no author, no date and no title

All information available

 Internet article
APA-formatAuthor Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). TitleArticle [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference listWorland, J. (2015, July 27). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author

 Internet article: No author
APA-formatArticle Title. [Type] (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference listU.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (“U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought”, 2015).
  • In a news article U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought” (2015) suggests that … .

No date

 Internet article: No date
APA-formatAuthor Last Name, FirstInitial. (n.d.). Article Title [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference listWorland, J. (n.d.). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, n.d.).
  • In a news article Worland (n.d.) suggests that … .

No title

 Internet article: No title
APA-formatAuthor Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference listWorland, J. (2015, July 27). [Flood risk in the US]. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author or date

 Internet article: No author or date
APA-format[Description of article]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference listU.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,…(“U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought,” n.d.).
  • In an article from Time entitled “U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought” (n.d.),…

No author or title

 Internet article: No author or title
APA-format[Description of article]. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list [Flood risk in the US]. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood risk in the US], 2015).
  • An article from Time [Flood Risk in the US] (2015) suggests that…

No date or title

 Internet article: No date or title
APA-formatAuthor Last Name, First Initial. (n.d.). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference listWorland, J. (n.d.). [Flood risk in the US]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… (Worland, n.d.).
  • In an article from Time, Worland (n.d.) suggests that…

No author, date or title

 Internet article: No author, date or title
APA-format[Description of article]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list[Flood risk in the US]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood Risk in the US], n.d.).
  • An article from Time [Flood Risk in the US] (n.d.) suggests that…

If you use our APA Generator all of these exceptions will be automatically applied correctly for you.

To the APA Generator

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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas loves to teach and is an experienced thesis writer. He tries to help students with writing clear and easy to comprehend articles about difficult topics.

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