Citing internet sources without author, date or title according to the APA style

Web resources form a separate category in the APA Style. They consist of four components: author, publication date, title and URL.

Unfortunately, some of these components are often missing. For instance, there may be no author or publication date. What should you do if this is the case?

What’s missing? Solution
Nothing
No author Use the title in place of author.
No date Use “n.d.” date (which represents no year).
No title Describe the source in brackets.
No author and date Combine no author and no date.
No author and title Combine no author and no title.
No date and title Combine no date and no title.
No author, date and title Combine no author, no date and no title.

All information available

 Internet article
APA-format Author Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). TitleArticle [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference list Worland, J. (2015, July 27). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author

 Internet article: No author
APA-format Article Title. [Type] (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference list U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (“U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought,” 2015).
  • In a news article U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought” (2015) suggests that … .

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No date

 Internet article: No date
APA-format Author Last Name, Initials. (n.d.). Article Title [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference list Worland, J. (n.d.). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, n.d.).
  • In a news article Worland (n.d.) suggests that … .

No title

 Internet article: No title
APA-format Author Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
In the reference list Worland, J. (2015, July 27). [Flood risk in the US]. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author and date

 Internet article: No author and date
APA-format TitleArticle. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,…(“U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought,” n.d.).
  • In an article from Time entitled “U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought” (n.d.),…

No author and title

 Internet article: No author and title
APA-format [Description of article]. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list  [Flood risk in the US]. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood risk in the US], 2015).
  • An article from Time [Flood Risk in the US] (2015) suggests that…

No date and title

 Internet article: No date and title
APA-format Author Last Name, Initials. (n.d.). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list Worland, J. (n.d.). [Flood risk in the US]. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… (Worland, n.d.).
  • In an article from Time, Worland (n.d.) suggests that…

No author, date and title

 Internet article: No author, date and title
APA-format [Description of article]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Web Address
In the reference list [Flood risk in the US]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In the text
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood Risk in the US], n.d.).
  • An article from Time [Flood Risk in the US] (n.d.) suggests that…

If you use our APA Citation Generator all of these exceptions will be automatically applied correctly for you.

To the APA Citation Generator

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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas loves to teach and is an experienced thesis writer. He tries to help students with writing clear and easy to comprehend articles about difficult topics.

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