Verb tenses in academic writing

Tense communicates an event’s location in time. The different tenses are identified by their associated verb forms.

There are three main tenses: pastpresent, and future. In English, each of these tenses can take four main aspects: simpleperfectcontinuous (also known as progressive), and perfect continuous. The perfect aspect is formed using the verb to have, while the continuous aspect is formed using the verb to be.

In academic writing, the most commonly used tenses are the present simple, the past simple, and the present perfect.

Tenses in different sections of a dissertation 

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Quick guide to the use of first-person pronouns in academic work

Guidelines for the use of first-person pronouns (“I”, “we”, “my,”and so forth) in academic writing vary according to discipline, and there are intra-disciplinary differences as well.  Experts are divided on the subject of first-person pronoun use in scientific writing, which used to avoid first-person pronouns in most cases.

Although the matter is by no means settled, many writing experts over the past thirty years have advised the use of first-person pronouns even in the sciences.

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