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How to Write an Abstract | Steps & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/abstract/
An abstract is a short summary of a longer work (such as a thesis, dissertation or research paper). The abstract concisely reports the aims and outcomes of your research, so that readers know exactly what your paper is about. Although the structure may vary slightly depending on your discipline, your abstract should describe the purpose of your work, the methods you’ve used, and the conclusions yo...

How to Choose a Dissertation Topic | 8 Steps to Follow

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/research-process/dissertation-topic/
Choosing your dissertation topic is the first step in making sure your research goes as smoothly as possible. When choosing a topic, it’s important to consider: Your institution and department’s requirements Your areas of knowledge and interest The scientific, social, or practical relevance The availability of data and resources The timeframe of your dissertation The relevance of your topic You ca...

How to Write a Literature Review | Guide, Examples, & Templates

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/literature-review/
What is a literature review? A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research that you can later apply to your paper, thesis, or dissertation topic. There are five key steps to writing a literature review: Search for relevant literature Evalu...

Research Paper Appendix | Example & Templates

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/research-paper/appendix/
An appendix is a supplementary document that facilitates your reader’s understanding of your research but is not essential to your core argument. Appendices are a useful tool for providing additional information or clarification in a research paper, dissertation, or thesis without making your final product too long. Appendices help you provide more background information and nuance about your thes...

How to Write a Discussion Section | Tips & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/research-paper/discussion/
The discussion section is where you delve into the meaning, importance, and relevance of your results. It should focus on explaining and evaluating what you found, showing how it relates to your literature review and paper or dissertation topic, and making an argument in support of your overall conclusion. It should not be a second results section. There are different ways to write this section, b...

Verb Tenses in Academic Writing | Rules, Differences & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/verbs/tenses/
Tense communicates an event’s location in time. The different tenses are identified by their associated verb forms. There are three main verb tenses: past, present, and future. In English, each of these tenses can take four main aspects: simple, perfect, continuous (also known as progressive), and perfect continuous. The perfect aspect is formed using the verb to have, while the continuous aspect ...

Thesis & Dissertation Acknowledgements | Tips & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/acknowledgements/
The acknowledgements section is your opportunity to thank those who have helped and supported you personally and professionally during your thesis or dissertation process. Thesis or dissertation acknowledgements appear between your title page and abstract and should be no longer than one page. In your acknowledgements, it’s okay to use a more informal style than is usually permitted in academic wr...

Thesis & Dissertation Title Page | Free Templates & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/title-page/
The title page (or cover page) of your thesis, dissertation, or research paper should contain all the key information about your document. It usually includes: Dissertation or thesis title Your name The type of document (e.g., dissertation, research paper) The department and institution The degree program (e.g., Master of Arts) The date of submission It sometimes also includes your dissertation to...

How to Write a Problem Statement | Guide & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/research-process/problem-statement/
A problem statement is a concise and concrete summary of the research problem you seek to address. It should: Contextualize the problem. What do we already know? Describe the exact issue your research will address. What do we still need to know? Show the relevance of the problem. Why do we need to know more about this? Set the objectives of the research. What will you do to find out more? When sho...

Writing Strong Research Questions | Criteria & Examples

[Article] https://www.scribbr.com/research-process/research-questions/
A research question pinpoints exactly what you want to find out in your work. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, dissertation, or thesis. All research questions should be: Focused on a single problem or issue Researchable using primary and/or secondary sources Feasible to answer within the timeframe and practical constraints Specific enough to answer thoroughly Com...

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