What is the difference between ingroup and outgroup bias?

Ingroup bias and outgroup bias are two sides of the same phenomenon.

  • Ingroup bias is the tendency to favor and support individuals who belong to groups we identify with.
  • Outgroup bias is the tendency to dislike or belittle members of groups that we don’t identify with.

In other words, ingroup bias denotes positive feelings towards one’s ingroup, while outgroup bias denotes negative feelings towards outgroups.