Is artificial intelligence (AI) the same as machine learning (ML)?

Although the terms artificial intelligence and machine learning are often used interchangeably, they are distinct (but related) concepts:

  • Artificial intelligence is a broad term that encompasses any process or technology aiming to build machines and computers that can perform complex tasks typically associated with human intelligence, like decision-making or translating.
  • Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence that uses data and algorithms to teach computers how to learn and perform specific tasks without human interference.

In other words, machine learning is a specific approach or technique used to achieve the overarching goal of AI to build intelligent systems.