How to Tackle Academic Writing
Whether you need to write a paper, an essay, a dissertation or a thesis, they all need to be written in academic English. This style of writing can be very different from the English you use when you write an email, a news article or a letter.
Rules for academic writing
- In academic texts you often make use of abbreviations and acronyms, and it’s important to use them correctly. Avoid contractions, and always introduce acronyms the first time you use them.
- There are various rules for writing numbers and measurements. It’s important to be consistent.
- Quotes should be introduced and cited correctly. You might also need to deal with language mistakes in quotes.
- British English and American English have some differences in spelling and grammar. Choose one style and follow its rules consistently.
- Always use verb tenses correctly and consistently. If in doubt, you can follow our guidelines to decide which tense is most appropriate in each section of a paper or thesis.
- Some words and phrases are considered too informal for academic texts. Avoid vague, exaggerated and overly subjective language.
- Make sure you know which pronouns are appropriate in your field. Always avoid the second person (“you”) in academic writing.
You’re a step ahead if you can recognize common mistakes and learn how to avoid them. Have a look at these articles: