How do you ensure ethical research practices in participant observation?

Ethical considerations in participant observation involve:

  • Obtaining informed consent from all participants
  • Protecting their privacy and confidentiality
  • Ensuring that they are not placed at undue risk by the research, and
  • Respecting their autonomy and agency as participants

Researchers should also consider the potential impact of their research on the community being studied and take steps to minimize any negative after-effects.