What is the difference between pathetic fallacy and appeal to pathos?

Pathetic fallacy and appeal to pathos sound similar but they refer to entirely different things.

  • Pathetic fallacy is a figure of speech, at least in most contexts, and not a reasoning error. It refers to the attribution of human emotions to something non-human in novels or poems.
  • Appeal to pathos, on the other hand, is a logical fallacy in which the speaker or author takes advantage of emotions, like fear or love for one’s family, to convince their audience instead of using rational arguments.

In other words, pathetic fallacy and appeal to pathos both relate to pathos or emotion but to a different end.