How to cite a website in MLA
When citing a web page or a whole website, there is often no author or publication date provided. If there is no author, start with the title of the page or website. If there is no date, add the date on which you accessed the page.
The in-text citation for a website contains either the author’s name or the title of the source in parentheses.
If you cite multiple pages or articles from the same website, you should include a separate Works Cited entry for each one. You can create a website citation automatically using the MLA citation generator.
Citing an online article in MLA
The author and date of an article on a website can usually be found at the top or bottom of the text. If there is more than one date, use the most recent one.
Streefkerk, Raimo. “Types of Plagiarism.” Scribbr, 28 May 2019, www.scribbr.com/plagiarism/types-of-plagiarism/.
If the article does not have a named author, start with the title in quotation marks instead. If it does not have a publication date, add the date you accessed it.
“Citing Sources and Referencing.” Scribbr, www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources/. Accessed 16 July 2019.
This citation format applies to online newspaper, magazine or blog articles, but note that you have to include extra information when citing an online article from an academic journal.
MLA in-text citation for an online article
Online articles don’t usually have page numbers, so the in-text citation is just the author name in parentheses.
If you already named the author in the sentence, you don’t need to add a parenthetical citation.
According to Streefkerk, paraphrasing sources without citation is “the most common type of plagiarism.”
If the article does not have a named author, the parenthetical citation contains the title in quotation marks. To avoid interrupting the flow of your text, you can shorten the title to the first word or phrase. The shortened version must start with the same word by which the Works Cited entry is alphabetized.
Citing a web page in MLA
The Works Cited entry for a page on a website looks similar to an online article citation, but there is often no author or publication date. If there is no author, begin with the title of the page in quotation marks, followed by details of the website.
If the page includes a publication date or “date updated,” include it in the citation; if not, add the date when you accessed the page.
“Academic Proofreading & Editing Services.” Scribbr, www.scribbr.com/proofreading-editing/. Accessed 11 July 2019.
Determining the title of a web page
Web pages don’t always have a clear title: there might be a lot of different text in different font sizes, or no text at all. If there are various possible titles, try to identify the one that most clearly and concisely describes the content of the page.
If there is no clear title, you can use the meta-title, which you find by hovering over the tab in your browser. The most important thing is consistency: when you have identified the most appropriate title, make sure you use it in the same form every time you mention or cite the source in the text.
MLA in-text citation for a page on a website
If a web page has no author, in the parenthetical citation, use the title of the page in quotation marks. If the title is longer than a few words, you can shorten it.
Citing an entire website in MLA
If you cite a whole website, there is usually no named author, so the Works Cited entry begins with the name of the website in italics. You can usually find the name in the top left corner of every page.
If the website has a publication or copyright date (usually found in the footer), include this; if not, add the date when you accessed the website at the end of the citation.
Scribbr. www.scribbr.com/. Accessed 11 July 2019.
Note, however, that most of the time you should cite the specific page or article where you found the information, not the whole website.
You might have to cite the entire website if you are giving a general overview of its content, referring only to the homepage, or quoting text that appears on many different pages across the site (such as a company’s slogan).
MLA in-text citation for a whole website
If there is no author, the MLA in-text citation is simply the italicized name of the website in parentheses.
If you have already named the website in the sentence, you don’t need to add a parenthetical citation.
The Scribbr homepage says that the company’s services aim “to help students graduate.”
Publishers in MLA website citations
If the website is published by an organization with a different name than the website itself, you should include this in the citation too. The website’s publisher is usually found somewhere in the footer, often next to a copyright symbol.
If the publisher is the same as the name of the website, you leave it out of the citation to avoid repetition.
|Website with different publisher||Website the same as publisher|
|The MLA Style Center. Modern Language Association of America, 2019, style.mla.org/.||Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 10 June 2019.|
|“Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 5 Sept. 2018, www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/challenges/antibiotic-resistance.html.||“CEU Expresses Solidarity with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.” Central European University, 3 July 2019, www.ceu.edu/article/2019-07-03/ceu-expresses-solidarity-hungarian-academy-sciences.|
Dates in MLA website citations
Always include the most recent and precise publication date that you can find on the page, with the day, month and year if available.
The MLA Style Center. Modern Language Association of America, 2019, style.mla.org/mla-format/.
However, don’t include the copyright year if you are citing an individual page or article. If you can’t find a publication date, finish the citation with the date you accessed it instead.
“Who are Scribbr Editors?” Scribbr, www.scribbr.com/about-us/editors/. Accessed 10 June 2019.
Even if there is a publication date, you can choose to include the date of access as well. This is not compulsory, but it is often a good idea to include it when citing a page that might be updated, changed, or removed at a later date.