Whose and who’s are pronounced the same but fulfil different grammatical roles.
Whose is the possessive form of the pronoun “who.”
Who’s is a contraction (shortened form) of “who is” or “who has.”
Examples: Whose in a sentence
Examples: Who’s in a sentence
Whose book is this?
Who’s the man wearing a suit?
whose job was very demanding, needed a holiday.
Who’s eaten at this restaurant before?
Whose vs. Who’s | Examples, Definition & Quiz
Capital and capitol are pronounced the same but have different meanings.
Capital is the more common word, with a wider range of meanings. It can be used as a noun to refer to financial assets, to a city serving as the official seat of government, or to an uppercase letter. It can also be used as an adjective to mean “vital,” “excellent,” or “punishable by death.”
Capitol is a noun that refers to the building in which the legislative government meets.
Examples: Capital in a sentence
Examples: Capitol in a sentence
Springfield is the
capital city of Illinois. The United States
Capitol is the meeting place of congress.
Thanks to investors, the business has
a lot of capital. The state
capitol of Utah is located on North State Street, in Salt Lake City.
Capital vs. Capitol | Definition, Difference & Examples
Then and than are two commonly confused words with different meanings and grammatical roles.
Then (pronounced with a short “e” sound) refers to time. It’s typically an adverb, but it’s also used as a noun meaning “that time” and as an adjective referring to a previous status.
Than (pronounced with a short “a” sound) is used to express comparison. Grammatically, it usually functions as a conjunction, but sometimes it’s a preposition.
Examples: Then in a sentence
Examples: Than in a sentence
Follow the road for another mile, and
then take the exit. Brie is a better golfer
I was working in a bookstore
then. I often like planning a holiday more
than I like the holiday itself.
Then vs. Than | Meaning, Examples & Sentences
Principle and principal are pronounced the same but have different meanings.
Principal can be used as a noun to refer to a person in authority, the perpetrator of a crime, or the capital sum of a loan. It can also be used as an adjective to mean “most important” or “primary.”
Principle is a noun used to refer to a scientific, moral, or legal rule or standard.
Examples: Principal in a sentence
Examples: Principle in a sentence
principal of the school is very strict when it comes to attendance. Chris refused to pay the extra shipping costs on
principal finding of the study is questionable. Isaac Newton uncovered the
principles of gravity and motion.
Principal vs. Principle | Definition & Examples
Payed and paid are pronounced similarly but have different meanings.
Payed is a rare word that’s only used in nautical/maritime contexts. It can be used to refer to the act of coating parts of a boat with waterproof material or to the act of letting out a rope or chain by slackening it.
Paid is the much more common word, used as the past tense of the verb “pay” in all other senses.
Examples: Payed in a sentence
Examples: Paid in a sentence
payed the front of the boat with tar to seal the gaps. We
paid more for the meal than we had expected.
Liam untied the knot and
payed out the rope to Bill. Sophia gets
paid at the beginning of each month.
NotePeople sometimes mistakenly write payed because it seems like the more logical past tense spelling of “pay,” but paid is the correct choice in the vast majority of cases.
Payed vs. Paid | Definition, Difference & Examples
Loose and lose are pronounced differently and typically have different grammatical roles.
Loose (double “o”; pronounced [loo-s]) is an adjective or adverb meaning “not secure” or “not tight.” It can also be used as a verb to mean “release.”
Lose (one “o”; pronounced [loo-z]) is a verb that can be used to mean “misplace” or “suffer a loss.”
Examples: Loose in a sentence
Examples: Lose in a sentence
I need to fix the door because the handle is
loose. If we
lose again, our team will be out of the league.
Myles likes his new jeans, even though they are a little
loose. Make sure you don’t
lose your house keys.
Loose vs. Lose | Meaning, Definition & Examples
Former and latter are both used (with “the”) to refer to previously mentioned items in a list of two or more things. This is done to save space and reduce repetition.
Former can be used to refer back to the first person or thing in a list. It can also be used to mean “previous” or to refer to a past state.
Latter can be used to refer back to the last person or thing in a list. It can also be used to refer to a subsequent time or period.
Examples: Former in a sentence
Examples: Latter in a sentence
I was offered
soup or salad, and I chose . the former Norway and
Italy are both beautiful, but is much warmer. the latter
former president is running for election again. He faced many difficulties in the
latter half of his life.
NoteSome style guides argue that former and latter should only be used in lists containing two items, and this is certainly the most common way of using the words. However, it’s quite possible to use the words with longer lists, too.
If you do want to avoid this, you can use “first” and “last” instead. And you’ll always have to use a different word to refer to one of the middle items in a list (e.g., “the third”).
Former vs. Latter | Meaning, Examples & Difference
Compliment and complement are pronounced the same, but they have different meanings.
Compliment (with an “i”) can be used as a noun to refer to admiration or praise. As a verb, it refers to the act of praising.
Complement (with an “e”) can be used as a noun to refer to something that completes or enhances something else. As a verb, it refers to this act of completing or enhancing.
Examples: Compliment in a sentence
Examples: Complement in a sentence
Hannah received a
compliment on her new summer dress. The acidity of the wine
complements the flavor of the fish.
complimented Alex on his excellent gardening skills. The color of the painting is a nice
complement to the color of the theater.
Compliment vs. Complement | Difference & Examples
Awhile and a while are pronounced similarly but have different grammatical roles and slightly distinct meanings.
Awhile (one word) is an adverb meaning “for a period of time.”
A while (two words) is a noun phrase meaning “a period of time.”
Examples: Awhile in a sentence
Examples: A while in a sentence
After his run, Dane rested
awhile. We’ll go to the
theater in a while.
awhile each evening. It’s been
a while since I’ve seen Stephanie.
NoteAlthough awhile and a while are often used interchangeably in informal writing, (e.g., “stay awhile”/“stay a while”), many style guides, including AP style and Chicago style, encourage you to pay attention to the difference.
Awhile vs. A While | Difference, Examples & Quiz
Toward and towards are prepositions that can be used to mean “in the direction of,” “in relation to,” or “in contribution to.” While the words are used interchangeably, there is some regional preference depending on whether you use US or UK English:
, “toward” (without an “s”) is more commonly used. US English In
, “towards” (with an “s”) is more commonly used. UK English
Examples: Toward and towards in a sentenceThe river runs / toward the sea.
Natasha has a positive attitude
/ toward life. towards
realize this essay will count / toward my final grade. towards
/ toward the relief fund. towards
Note Towards is still acceptable in US English, just less common, and the same goes for toward in UK English.
However, some style guides have specific rules about which you should use. Both AP style and
Chicago style favor toward (without an “s”).
Toward or Towards | Definition, Difference & Examples