July 12, 2022
March 8, 2023.
Affect and effect are two related words that are commonly confused. They’re pronounced similarly, and in their most common meanings they both refer to change, but they have different grammatical roles:
Affect is a verb that describes the act of producing a change in someone or something.
Effect is a noun that refers to the result or change itself, as in the phrase “cause and effect.”
Examples: Affect in a sentence
Examples: Effect in a sentence
Staying up late tonight might affect your performance tomorrow.
Tourism has had a positive effect on the economy.
The result of the exam will affect your overall grade.
The fog created an eerie effect.
The independent variable affects the dependent variable.
July 12, 2022
March 11, 2023.
Breathe and breath are related words with different grammatical roles.
Breathe is a verb that means “inhale and exhale air.” It’s pronounced with a long “e” sound in the middle and the “th” sound from “the” at the end.
Breath is a noun that refers to the actual air you inhale and exhale when breathing (or to the faculty of breathing itself). It’s pronounced with a short “e” sound in the middle and the “th” sound from “thing” at the end.
Examples: Breathe in a sentence
Examples: Breath in a sentence
The theater was so crowded that it was hard to breathe.
It was so cold inside the room, he could see his own breath.
I could hear the sound of someone breathing.
I took a minute to catch my breath and cool down.
Breathe in, hold for ten seconds, and then breathe out.
Inhale, hold your breath for ten seconds, and then exhale.
By integrating sources properly, you can ensure a consistent voice in your writing and ensure your text remains readable and coherent. You can use signal phrases to give credit to outside sources and smoothly introduce material into your academic writing.
Below is an example that uses all three methods of integrating sources, but you can integrate sources using only one method or a combination of them.
July 4, 2022
May 31, 2023.
Synthesizing sources involves combining the work of other scholars to provide new insights. It’s a way of integrating sources that helps situate your work in relation to existing research.
Synthesizing sources involves more than just summarizing. You must emphasize how each source contributes to current debates, highlighting points of (dis)agreement and putting the sources in conversation with each other.
You might synthesize sources in your literature review to give an overview of the field or throughout your research paper when you want to position your work in relation to existing research.