Breathe vs. Breath | Definition, Difference & Examples
Breathe and breath are related words with different grammatical roles.
- Breathe is a verb that means “inhale and exhale air.” It’s pronounced with a long “e” sound in the middle and the “th” sound from “the” at the end.
- Breath is a noun that refers to the actual air you inhale and exhale when breathing (or to the faculty of breathing itself). It’s pronounced with a short “e” sound in the middle and the “th” sound from “thing” at the end.
|Examples: Breathe in a sentence||Examples: Breath in a sentence|
|The theater was so crowded that it was hard to breathe.||It was so cold inside the room, he could see his own breath.|
|I could hear the sound of someone breathing.||I took a minute to catch my breath and cool down.|
|Breathe in, hold for ten seconds, and then breathe out.||Inhale, hold your breath for ten seconds, and then exhale.|
More uses of breathe (verb)
As well as referring to the act of moving air in and out of the lungs, breathe can also be used to refer to something that’s exposed to air, or that allows air to pass through it (such as breathable sports clothing).
Breathe is also used in a range of idioms. Note that in its present participle form, the last “e” is dropped and “-ing” is added to the end of the word: breathing (not “breatheing,” but still pronounced with the long “e” sound).
|After the good news, she could breathe easily/easy/freely.||Be relieved|
|The principal is breathing down my neck.||Put pressure on|
|The advisor breathed new life into the project.||Revive or reinvigorate|
More uses of breath (noun)
Breath is also used in many expressions.
|Don’t hold your breath.||Keep your expectations low|
|Your presence is a breath of fresh air.||A welcome change|
|She said something under her breath.||Quietly or covertly|
Worksheet: Breath vs. breathe
Test your knowledge of the difference between “breathe” and “breath,” and their uses in different expressions, with the worksheet below. Fill in a version of “breathe” or “breath” in each sentence.
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If you want to know more about commonly confused words, definitions, and differences between US and UK spellings, make sure to check out some of our other language articles with explanations, examples, and quizzes.
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