Example of APA Style: Scientific (journal) article for publication

If you use a scientific article (journal) that has not yet been officially published, the way you cite it in your dissertation will depend on the article’s specific state of preparation. The APA Style has special rules on this issue.

Articles go through four stages of preparation on their way to publication:

  1. In preparation
  2. Submitted for publication
  3. In press
  4. Pre-published online

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Example APA Style: Patent

The reference of a patent is different from the normal APA Style. The APA reference for a patent consists of four parts: the name of the inventor, the year in which the patent is requested, the unique patent identification number and the name of the patent office.

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Example APA Style: Conference paper

Proceedings are contributions to scientific conferences, congresses, symposiums or meetings. They often are published bundled and are formally published in a book or in periodicals. This represents a report about what has been discussed during a particular conference. The APA Style has specific rules for the notation of proceedings or conference papers.

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Example APA Style: Dissertation of another student

You can use other theses as a source for your own dissertation. Take into account that theses often still contain mistakes and are not always a reliable source. So don’t base your dissertation too much on other theses. According to the APA Style you also have to add to your reference that it is a dissertation of another student.

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