How to Write a Paper with ChatGPT | Tips & Examples

A good research paper demonstrates your academic writing skills and knowledge of your chosen topic.

Your research paper should be based on in-depth independent research. However, generative AI tools like ChatGPT can be effectively used throughout the research process to:

Universities and other institutions are still developing their stances on how AI writing tools may be used. Always follow your institution’s guidelines over any suggestions you read online. Check out our guide to current university policies on AI writing for more information.

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Brainstorming research questions

You can use ChatGPT to help formulate research questions, brainstorm potential thesis statements, or narrow down a broad subject area to a specific topic that interests you.

However, make sure that the outputs make sense and meet the requirements of your assignment. You can adapt these outputs manually, or use further prompts to ensure they meet your needs. For more information, see our tips for creating effective ChatGPT prompts.

  • Generate three possible research questions for a research paper on the following topic: “The role of virtual reality in enhancing training and skill development in various industries.”
    1. “What are the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training compared to traditional training methods across different industries?”
    2. “How does the level of immersion in virtual reality training impact knowledge retention and skill transfer in fields such as medicine, aviation, and manufacturing?”
    3. “What are the key factors that influence the successful integration and adoption of virtual reality technology for training purposes in diverse industries, and what challenges hinder its widespread implementation?”
We strongly advise against trying to pass AI-generated text off as your own work. This is academically dishonest and is widely considered plagiarism.

ChatGPT outputs are not always original and may be detected by your university’s plagiarism checker or AI detector.

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Developing a methodology

Your paper should clearly indicate the data collection and analysis methods you used in your research.

You can use ChatGPT to help decide what kind of research you will conduct (e.g., qualitative or quantitative), how you will analyze the data, and how you will mitigate potential research bias.

Bear in mind that you should be able to rationalize your chosen methodology. For example, you should ensure that it is either a standard methodology in the field or can be justified.

  • Suggest three quantitative research methods appropriate to the following question: “What are the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training compared to traditional training methods in the field of healthcare?”
    1. Experimental Study: Conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where healthcare professionals are randomly assigned to either a virtual reality-based training group or a traditional training group. Both groups would receive training in specific healthcare tasks, and their cognitive and skill development outcomes would be measured and compared. Performance metrics, such as accuracy, speed, and efficiency, could be quantitatively assessed to determine the benefits of virtual reality-based training over traditional methods.
    2. Survey Research: Design a comprehensive survey targeting healthcare professionals who have undergone both virtual reality-based training and traditional training. The survey could include Likert-scale questions and structured response options to gauge their perceived cognitive and skill development benefits from each training method. Additionally, open-ended questions could be included to gather qualitative insights on specific strengths and weaknesses of each training approach.
    3. Task Performance Analysis: Implement a task-based assessment that simulates real-life healthcare scenarios, where participants are evaluated on their ability to handle critical situations. Participants would go through both virtual reality-based training and traditional training before being assessed in the simulated scenarios. Their performance in the assessment could be objectively measured using predefined criteria, allowing for a quantitative comparison of skill development between the two training methods.

    These research methods would enable the collection of quantitative data to assess the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training in healthcare compared to traditional training methods.

Creating an outline

A clear outline can help structure your paper, organize your arguments effectively, and make your research more efficient.

You can use generative AI tools like ChatGPT to formulate a potential outline to help guide your research. You can be as specific as you like, giving an overview of your research objectives, main arguments, and any evidence you intend to include in your paper.

However, ChatGPT outputs sometimes contain factual inaccuracies. It’s important to check the headings and subheadings suggested in the output and adapt them to meet your needs.

  • Create an outline for an academic research paper with the following research question:“What are the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training compared to traditional training methods in the field of healthcare?”The paper will be about 10 pages long.
  • I. IntroductionA. Background and context of virtual reality-based training in healthcareB. Significance of the research questionC. Purpose of the studyD. Research objectives and hypothesisII. Literature ReviewA. Overview of virtual reality-based training in healthcareB. Existing studies on cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality trainingC. Comparison of virtual reality-based training with traditional training methodsD. Gaps in the literature and research limitationsIII. Theoretical Framework

    A. Theoretical basis for cognitive and skill development in training

    B. Application of cognitive theories to virtual reality-based training

    C. The role of immersive learning environments in skill acquisition

    D. Conceptual framework for the study

    IV. Research Methodology

    A. Research design and approach (e.g., quasi-experimental, pre-post intervention)

    B. Selection of participants and sample size calculation

    C. Description of the virtual reality-based training and traditional training programs

    D. Instruments and measures for assessing cognitive and skill development

    E. Data collection procedures and ethical considerations

    V. Data Analysis

    A. Overview of statistical methods used for data analysis

    B. Treatment of data and data cleaning

    C. Quantitative analysis of cognitive and skill development outcomes

    D. Presentation of findings with charts and tables

    VI. Results

    A. Presentation of the results of the cognitive and skill development assessments

    B. Comparison of outcomes between virtual reality-based training and traditional training

    C. Statistical significance and effect size analysis

    D. Interpretation of the results and implications

    VII. Discussion

    A. Interpretation of findings in the context of the research question

    B. Comparison of results with existing literature

    C. Explanation of how virtual reality-based training impacts cognitive processes and skill development

    D. Limitations of the study and areas for future research

    VIII. Practical Implications

    A. Practical applications of virtual reality-based training in healthcare settings

    B. Recommendations for integrating virtual reality training in healthcare education

    C. Benefits of virtual reality for continuous professional development in healthcare

    IX. Conclusion

    A. Summary of key findings

    B. Reiteration of the research question and hypothesis

    C. Contributions of the study to the field of healthcare training

    D. Concluding remarks

    X. References

    Note: The length and depth of each section may vary based on the available data and the specific details of the study. Additionally, ensure that the research paper follows the guidelines and formatting requirements of the target academic journal or institution.

Finding sources

You can use ChatGPT to help find sources relevant to your research. However, it’s important to be aware of the limitations of ChatGPT (for example, it occasionally cites nonexistent sources).

Instead of asking ChatGPT for specific source recommendations, try asking it for recommendations on the types of sources relevant to your research topic. You can also use it to generate a list of relevant keywords to use in your literature search.

  • What types of sources could I use to write a research paper on the following research question?“What are the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training compared to traditional training methods in the field of healthcare?”
  • To write a research paper on the cognitive and skill development benefits of virtual reality-based training compared to traditional training methods in the field of healthcare, you can use a range of sources to gather relevant and credible information. Here are some types of sources you could consider:
    1. Academic Journals: Peer-reviewed journals are valuable sources of scholarly research. Look for articles in medical education, cognitive psychology, virtual reality applications in healthcare, and technology-enhanced learning.
    2. Research Studies: Seek out published research studies that specifically investigate the impact of virtual reality-based training on cognitive and skill development in healthcare professionals.
    3. Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: These studies provide comprehensive overviews of existing research on a specific topic, making them a valuable source for summarizing and analyzing the overall evidence.
    4. Books and Book Chapters: Academic books and book chapters authored by experts in the fields of medical education, virtual reality, cognitive science, or instructional design can provide in-depth insights and theoretical foundations.
    5. Conference Proceedings: Proceedings from relevant conferences and symposiums may present the latest findings and advancements in virtual reality-based training and healthcare education.
    6. Educational Institution Websites: Universities and medical schools often publish research papers, case studies, and whitepapers related to medical education and virtual reality training.
    7. Industry Reports: Reports and whitepapers from healthcare organizations or technology companies exploring the benefits of virtual reality-based training in the healthcare sector.
    8. Government and Non-profit Organizations: Look for reports and publications from government agencies and non-profit organizations that focus on medical education and healthcare training.
    9. Online Databases: Utilize academic databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, IEEE Xplore, and ScienceDirect to search for peer-reviewed research articles and conference papers.
    10. Expert Interviews: If possible, conduct interviews with experts in medical education, cognitive science, and virtual reality to gain valuable insights and perspectives.
    11. Surveys and Polls: Refer to reputable surveys and polls related to virtual reality-based training in the healthcare industry for additional statistical data.

    Ensure that the sources you choose are credible, relevant, and from reputable authors and institutions. Always critically evaluate the quality and reliability of each source to ensure the integrity of your research paper. Aim to cite up-to-date and recent sources to ensure the most current information for your study.

You should accurately cite each source you reference in order to avoid accidental plagiarism. However, we don’t recommend using ChatGPT to generate citations. ChatGPT citations may contain inaccurate information or formatting errors. Instead, use a specialized tool like Scribbr’s free citation generator, which creates accurate citations and lets you save your reference list.

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Summarizing or paraphrasing text

You can use ChatGPT to paraphrase or summarize text. This can help you to condense sources to their most important points and explore new ways of expressing your ideas.

Alternatively you can use the more specialized tools featured on Scribbr’s AI writing resources page (including Scribbr’s free text summarizer and Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool) which are designed specifically for these purposes and will give a smoother user experience.

  • Provide a short summary of the following text:“One of the most profound applications of VR in healthcare is its use in surgical training. Traditionally, surgical training has relied on a combination of didactic lectures, observation of procedures, and hands-on experience in the operating room. However, these methods may not provide the ideal environment for novices to develop the necessary dexterity and spatial understanding essential for complex surgeries. VR overcomes these limitations by offering immersive, true-to-life simulations that allow surgeons to navigate through intricate anatomical structures, practice incisions, and learn to manage unexpected challenges that may arise during surgeries. This hands-on experience in a risk-free environment not only enhances technical skills but also builds confidence and reduces the learning curve for new surgical techniques.”
  • Virtual Reality (VR) has a profound impact on healthcare, particularly in surgical training, as it provides immersive simulations that help surgeons develop dexterity, spatial understanding, and confidence for complex surgeries in a risk-free environment, ultimately enhancing their technical skills and reducing the learning curve.

Receiving feedback

When you’ve finished writing your research paper, you can use ChatGPT to receive feedback. You can be as specific as you like, selecting particular aspects the output should focus on (e.g., tone, clarity of structure, appropriateness of evidence to support your arguments).

You can also use ChatGPT to check grammar, spelling, and punctuation. However, it’s not designed for this purpose and occasionally misses errors. We recommend using a more specialized tool like Scribbr’s free grammar checker. Or, for more comprehensive feedback, Scribbr’s proofreading and editing service.

  • Feedback the above text with regard to appropriateness of evidence and coherence of structure.
  • The research paper demonstrates a well-structured and coherent presentation of the cognitive and skill development benefits of VR-based surgical training. The introduction effectively sets the context and rationale, while the literature review incorporates relevant historical and empirical evidence. The theoretical framework strengthens the foundation for the analysis.The methodology section could provide more details on the research design and study selection criteria. However, the sections on cognitive and skill development benefits present compelling evidence, supported by appropriate sub-sections.The exploration of improved patient outcomes lacks concrete examples but effectively outlines potential benefits. The section on challenges and future directions raises relevant points, but suggestions for solutions could enhance practicality.Overall, the paper combines theoretical, empirical, and practical evidence, offering a well-rounded approach. It establishes the significance of VR-based surgical training and concludes with a concise summary of key findings.

Other interesting articles

If you want more tips on using AI tools, understanding plagiarism, and citing sources, make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations, examples, and formats.

Frequently asked questions

Can ChatGPT summarize text?

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to summarize text. This can help you understand complex information more easily, summarize the central argument of your own paper, or clarify your research question.

You can also use Scribbr’s free text summarizer, which is designed specifically for this purpose.

Can ChatGPT paraphrase text?

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to paraphrase text to help you express your ideas more clearly, explore different ways of phrasing your arguments, and avoid repetition.

However, it’s not specifically designed for this purpose. We recommend using a specialized tool like Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool, which will provide a smoother user experience.

Can I have ChatGPT write my paper?

No, it’s not a good idea to do so in general—first, because it’s normally considered plagiarism or academic dishonesty to represent someone else’s work as your own (even if that “someone” is an AI language model). Even if you cite ChatGPT, you’ll still be penalized unless this is specifically allowed by your university. Institutions may use AI detectors to enforce these rules.

Second, ChatGPT can recombine existing texts, but it cannot really generate new knowledge. And it lacks specialist knowledge of academic topics. Therefore, it is not possible to obtain original research results, and the text produced may contain factual errors.

However, you can usually still use ChatGPT for assignments in other ways, as a source of inspiration and feedback.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Driessen, K. (2023, November 16). How to Write a Paper with ChatGPT | Tips & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved April 18, 2024, from

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Koen Driessen

Koen has written multiple theses and founded, together with Bas and Richard, the thesis editing company Scribbr in 2012.

1 comment

Koen Driessen
Koen Driessen (Scribbr Team)
August 17, 2023 at 8:36 PM

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