Chicago style citation examples

The Chicago Manual of Style provides guidelines for two styles of citation: author-date and notes and bibliography:

  • In notes and bibliography style (mostly used in the humanities), you use footnotes or endnotes to cite sources.
  • In author-date style (mostly used in the sciences), you use brief parenthetical references to cite sources in the text.

In both styles, full source citations are listed in an alphabetized bibliography or reference list.

The Chicago Manual of Style is regularly updated. Our examples are all based on the 17th edition, which is the most recent (published in 2017).

Chicago book citation

Chicago Notes and Bibliography
Footnote or endnote formatAuthor first name last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: publisher, year), page number(s).
Full note (first mention)Albert Einstein, The Meaning of Relativity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1923), 44–45.
Short note (subsequent mentions)Einstein, The Meaning of Relativity, 89.
Bibliography formatAuthor last name, first name. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher, year.
Bibliography exampleEinstein, Albert. The Meaning of Relativity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1923.
Chicago Author-Date
In-text citation format(Author last name year, page number(s))
In-text citation example(Einstein 1923, 44–45)
Reference list formatAuthor last name, first name. Year. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher.
Reference list exampleEinstein, Albert. 1923. The Meaning of Relativity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Chicago journal article citation

Chicago Notes and Bibliography
Footnote or endnote formatAuthor first name last name, “Title of Article,” Name of Journal volume, no. issue (month and year): page number(s). DOI if applicable.
Full note (first mention)Morris Dickstein, “A Literature of One’s Own: The Question of Jewish Book Awards.” Princeton University Library Chronicle 63, no. 1–2 (Winter 2002): 71. https://doi.org/10.25290/prinunivlibrchro.63.1-2.0070.
Short note (subsequent mentions)Dickstein, “A Literature of One’s Own,” 73.
Bibliography formatAuthor last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Journal volume, no. issue (month/season year): page range of article. DOI if applicable.
Bibliography exampleDickstein, Morris. “A Literature of One’s Own: The Question of Jewish Book Awards.” Princeton University Library Chronicle 63, no. 1–2 (Winter 2002): 70–74. https://doi.org/10.25290/prinunivlibrchro.63.1-2.0070.
Chicago Author-Date
In-text citation format(Author last name year, page number(s))
In-text citation example(Dickstein 2002, 71)
Reference list formatAuthor last name, first name. Year. “Title of article.” Name of journal volume, no. issue (month/season): page range of article. DOI if applicable.
Reference list exampleDickstein, Morris. 2002. “A Literature of One’s Own: The Question of Jewish Book Awards.” Princeton University Library Chronicle 63, no. 1–2 (Winter): 70–74. https://doi.org/10.25290/prinunivlibrchro.63.1-2.0070.

Linking to online journal articles

When citing online journal articles, use the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) or a stable URL, not the URL that appears in the address bar.

Chicago website citation (no author or date)

Chicago Notes and Bibliography
Footnote or endnote formatTitle of Page,” Website, accessed month date, year, URL.
Full note (first mention)“About the UvA,” University of Amsterdam, accessed July 24, 2018, http://www.uva.nl/en/about-the-uva.
Short note (subsequent mentions)“About the UvA.”
Bibliography formatWebsite. “Title of Page.” Accessed month date, year. URL.
Bibliography exampleUniversity of Amsterdam. “About the UvA.” Accessed July 24, 2018. http://www.uva.nl/en/about-the-uva.
Chicago Author-Date
In-text citation format(Website, n.d.)
In-text citation example(University of Amsterdam, n.d.)
Reference list formatWebsite. n.d. “Title of work.” Accessed month date, year. URL.
Reference list exampleUniversity of Amsterdam. 2018. “About the UvA.” Accessed July 24, 2018. http://www.uva.nl/en/about-the-uva.

Authors and dates in website citations

If the web page has a named author, use this at the start of the citation as you would for any other source. If there is a date of publication or last revision, include this instead of the access date.

Chicago newspaper citation

Chicago Notes and Bibliography
Footnote or endnote formatAuthor first name last name, “Title of Article,” Name of Publication, month date, year, page number or URL.
Full note (first mention)Alex Marshall, “Graphic Novel in Running for Man Booker Prize for First Time,” New York Times, July 23, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/23/books/booker-prize-graphic-novel-ondaatje.html.
Short note (subsequent mentions)Marshall, “Graphic Novel in Running for Man Booker Prize.”
Bibliography formatAuthor last name, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month date, year. URL if applicable.
Bibliography exampleMarshall, Alex. “Graphic Novel in Running for Man Booker Prize for First Time.” New York Times, July 23, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/23/books/booker-prize-graphic-novel-ondaatje.html.
Chicago Author-Date
In-text citation format(Author last name year, page number if applicable)
In-text citation example(Marshall 2018)
Reference list formatAuthor last name, first name. Year. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month date, year. URL if applicable.
Reference list exampleMarshall, Alex. 2018. “Graphic Novel in Running for Man Booker Prize for First Time.” New York Times, July 23, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/23/books/booker-prize-graphic-novel-ondaatje.html.

Chicago YouTube citation

Chicago Notes and Bibliography
Footnote or endnote formatChannel name, “Video Title,” month date, year, video, length, URL.
Full note (first mention)MSNBC, “The Rachel Maddow Show: ‘Never Stop Asking,’” July 23, 2018, video, 0:30, https://youtu.be/_biV0Pa5I1E.
Short note (subsequent mentions)MSNBC, “Never Stop Asking.”
Bibliography formatChannel name. “Video Title.” Month date, year. Video, length. URL.
Bibliography exampleMSNBC. “The Rachel Maddow Show: ‘Never Stop Asking.’” July 23, 2018. Video, 0:30. https://youtu.be/_biV0Pa5I1E.
Chicago Author-Date
In-text citation format(Channel name year)
In-text citation example(MSNBC 2018)
Reference list formatChannel name. Year. “Video Title.” Month date, year. Video, length. URL.
Reference list exampleMSNBC. 2018. “The Rachel Maddow Show: Never Stop Asking.” Video, July 23, 2018. https://youtu.be/_biV0Pa5I1E.

 

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Courtney Gahan

Courtney has a Bachelor in Communication and a Master in Editing and Publishing. She has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2013, and joined the Scribbr team as an editor in June 2017. She loves helping students and academics all over the world improve their writing (and learning about their research while doing so!).

1 comment

Nosheen
November 25, 2019 at 10:47 PM

Hello

Nosheen from Pakistan, this is too good and helpful for the research students. They can improve and brought it to International standard.

Regards

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