YouTube videos can be a great source of information. The guidelines for citing a YouTube video in MLA are similar to those of other sources. The citation format below can also be used for other video platforms, such as Vimeo.
MLA YouTube citation
|Format||Creator first name last name. “Title of Video.” YouTube, uploaded by Uploader Name, date of publication, URL (omit https://).|
|Works Cited list||Ken Robinson. “Do Schools Kill Creativity?” YouTube, uploaded by TED, 6 Jan. 2007, www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY.|
|In-text citation||(Robinson 00:14-01:35)|
- Do not copy the capitalization as it appears on YouTube. Instead, follow standard MLA rules for the capitalization of titles.
- Omit the creator’s name if it’s the same as the uploader and begin with the video title.
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An MLA journal article citation includes key information such as the author(s); source title; publication title; volume, issue and page numbers; and publication date. If the journal article is published online, you may also need to include a permanent URL or DOI.
Format for an MLA journal article citation
Author. Article title. Name of publication, other contributors, volume, number, publication date, page number(s). Database name, DOI.
Examples of MLA journal citation
|Works Cited list||Kerkhove, Ray. “Aboriginal Camps as Urban Foundations? Evidence from Southern Queensland.” Aboriginal History, vol. 42, 2018, pp. 141-172.|
|In-text citation||The first activities of the Black Panther party were documented in 1971 (Kerkhove 145).|
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In MLA, source titles must be either italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. There are also specific rules for capitalization and punctuation.
The formatting depends on whether the source forms part of a longer work or not.
|Place in quotation marks||Italicize|
- News publications
- Scholarly journals
- TV shows
- YouTube channel
For sources with no title, a description of the source functions as the title in the Works Cited list reference.
In the Works Cited list, titles should always be complete, with any subtitles included. Do not copy any unusual typography, such as capitalization of all letters in the title.
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According to MLA citation style (eighth edition), the author or creator of a source appears first in the reference in the Works Cited list, and usually also in the in-text citation.
- David, Miriam E. Reclaiming Feminism: Challenging Everyday Misogyny. 1st ed., Bristol University Press, 2016.
- In a recent study …(Miriam 8)
The author element is formatted differently when a source has multiple authors, an organization as author or no author at all.
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The table of contents is where you list the chapters and major sections of your dissertation, along with their page numbers. A clear and well-formatted contents page is essential as it indicates a quality paper is to follow.
The table of contents belongs between the abstract and the introduction. The maximum length should be two pages.
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The dissertation acknowledgements section is where you thank those who have helped and supported you during the research and writing process. This includes both professional and personal acknowledgements.
The dissertation acknowledgements appear directly after the title page and before the abstract, and should usually be no longer than one page.
The writing style for dissertation acknowledgements can be more informal, as this is not part of the academic work itself — it is your chance to write something more personal. For that reason, you may use personal pronouns in this section.
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When citing plays in an MLA format academic paper, the parenthetical citation should include the author name, act, scene and line(s). When quoting, you must include the character names, in all capitals, and pay attention to indentation.
Example of quoting and citing a play
DUNCAN. What he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won (Shakespeare 1.2.95).
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In addition to the MLA citation guidelines, the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook outlines specific formatting requirements for academic papers.
This guide shows how to format your paper according to the MLA Handbook, including what information belongs on the first page, how to use and format headings, and how to format your works cited page.
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The reference page is where you provide full references for all the sources you’ve cited in the text. It helps your reader to locate the original sources. The inclusion of a complete and correct reference page also ensures you do not commit plagiarism. The reference page comes at the end of the paper.
As well as the content of the page, there are also formatting requirements for aspects such as indentation and spacing. The reference list should be alphabetized.
This article is based on the sixth edition of the APA manual and is regularly updated.
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A research paper outline is a useful tool to aid in the writing process, providing a structure to follow with all information to be included in the paper clearly organized.
A quality outline can make writing your research paper more efficient by helping to:
- organize your thoughts.
- understand the flow of information and how ideas are related.
- ensure nothing is forgotten.
A research paper outline can also give your teacher an early idea of the final product.
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