YouTube videos can be a great source of information. The guidelines for citing a YouTube video in MLA are similar to those of other sources. The citation format below can also be used for other video platforms, such as Vimeo.
MLA YouTube citation
|Format||Creator last name, first name. “Title of Video.” YouTube, uploaded by Uploader Name, date of publication, URL (omit https://).|
|Works Cited list||Robinson, Ken. “Do Schools Kill Creativity?” YouTube, uploaded by TED, 6 Jan. 2007, www.youtube.com/watch?v=iG9CE55wbtY.|
|In-text citation||(Robinson 00:14-01:35)|
- Do not copy the capitalization as it appears on YouTube. Instead, follow standard MLA rules for the capitalization of titles.
- Omit the creator’s name if it’s the same as the uploader and begin with the video title.
- There are different rules for citing a whole movie that has been uploaded to YouTube. Read our guide on how to cite a movie in MLA.
Continue reading: How to cite a YouTube video in MLA
In the MLA Works Cited entry for a journal article, you have to include the author(s); the title of the article; the name of the journal; the volume and issue; the page range on which the article appears; and the publication date.
If the journal article is published online, you should also include a URL or DOI. You can also use the DOI to create a citation in our MLA citation generator.
Scribbr MLA Citation Generator
In the in-text citation, as with other MLA parenthetical citations, include the author’s last name and the page number.
Continue reading: MLA journal citation
In MLA, source titles must be either italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. There are also specific rules for capitalization and punctuation.
The formatting depends on whether the source forms part of a longer work or not.
For sources with no title, a description of the source functions as the title in the Works Cited list reference.
In the Works Cited list, titles should always be complete, with any subtitles included. Do not copy any unusual typography, such as capitalization of all letters in the title. When using the Scribbr Citation Generator to create MLA format citations, capitalization rules are applied automatically.
Continue reading: MLA titles
According to MLA citation style (eighth edition), the author or creator of a source appears first in the reference in the Works Cited list, and usually also in the in-text citation.
- David, Miriam E. Reclaiming Feminism: Challenging Everyday Misogyny. 1st ed., Bristol University Press, 2016.
- In a recent study …(Miriam 8)
The author element is formatted differently when a source has multiple authors, an organization as author or no author at all.
Continue reading: The MLA author element
The table of contents is where you list the chapters and major sections of your dissertation, along with their page numbers. A clear and well-formatted contents page is essential as it indicates a quality paper is to follow.
The table of contents belongs between the abstract and the introduction. The maximum length should be two pages.
Continue reading: Dissertation table of contents
The dissertation acknowledgements section is where you thank those who have helped and supported you during the research and writing process. This includes both professional and personal acknowledgements.
The dissertation acknowledgements appear directly after the title page and before the abstract, and should usually be no longer than one page.
The writing style for dissertation acknowledgements can be more informal, as this is not part of the academic work itself — it is your chance to write something more personal. For that reason, you may use first-person pronouns in this section.
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When citing a play with numbered lines, the MLA parenthetical citation should include the author name and the act, scene and line number(s). If the lines are not numbered, include the page number instead.
When quoting dialogue, include the character names in all capitals followed by a period, and pay attention to indentation.
Example of quoting and citing a play
ROSS. I’ll see it done.
DUNCAN. What he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won. (Shakespeare 1.2.94–95)
Continue reading: How to cite a play in MLA
The APA reference page is a separate page at the end of your paper where all sources you cited in the main text are listed. The references are sorted alphabetically, double spaced, and formatted using a hanging indent of ½ inch. Use “References” as page heading and include a running head with your paper title and page number.
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A research paper outline is a useful tool to aid in the writing process, providing a structure to follow with all information to be included in the paper clearly organized.
A quality outline can make writing your research paper more efficient by helping to:
- organize your thoughts.
- understand the flow of information and how ideas are related.
- ensure nothing is forgotten.
A research paper outline can also give your teacher an early idea of the final product.
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A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to an online document such as a journal article or ebook. A DOI can be used in a similar way to a URL, but it is more permanent and reliable.
Because a DOI never changes, academic citation styles recommend using DOIs instead of URLs to locate sources when possible.
DOIs can be formatted in various ways:
Continue reading: What is a DOI?