APA format for academic papers and essays
In addition to guidelines for APA citations, there are format guidelines for academic papers and essays. They’re widely used by professionals, researchers and students.
Scribbr APA Citation Generator
The most important APA format guidelines in the 6th edition are:
- Use 12 pt Times New Roman
- Set 1 inch page margins
- Apply double line spacing
- Insert a running head on every page
- Indent every new paragraph ½ inch
Tip: also read our article on the most notable changes in the APA Manual 7th edition.
APA format template
Instead of applying the APA guidelines to your document you can simply download the APA format template for Word.
In the header of each page you include the paper title and page number. If your paper title is longer than 50 characters you should use a shortened version as running head. The page number should be positioned in the top right-hand corner. On the title page the APA running head is preceded by the words “Running head:”.
APA running head: title page
APA running head: subsequent pages
Throughout your paper you use different heading levels. The levels ranging from one to five help structure the document. Major headings, or heading 1, are used for the titles of chapters such as “Methods” or “Results”. Heading levels two to five are used for subheadings. Each heading level is formatted differently. These are the APA heading guidelines:
|Heading level||APA format|
|Heading 1||Centered, Bold, Title Case Capitalization|
|Heading 2||Left-Aligned, Bold, Title Case Capitalization|
|Heading 3||Indented, bold, Sentence case capitalization, a final period. The body text begins immediately after the period.|
|Heading 4||Indented, bold, italics, sentence case capitalization, a final period. The body text begins immediately after the period.|
|Heading 5||Indented, italics, sentence case capitalization, a final period. The body text begins immediately after the point.|
Title case capitalization: Capitalize the first, last, and principal words.
Sentence case capitalization: Capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns.
Note that you are not required to include a table of contents in APA style, but if you do choose to include one, all headings should be formatted as plain text, with an additional indent for each level.
The APA title page, also called cover page, is the first page of your paper. The regular formatting guidelines regarding font and margins apply. In addition, an APA formatted title page contains:
- Running head including page number
- Full paper title (in title case)
- Author name(s), without titles and degrees
- Institutional affiliation
Note: APA style has specific guidelines for including more than one author or institutional affiliation on the title page.
An APA abstract is a one paragraph (± 250 words) summary of your paper. It introduces the objective or problem statement of the paper and includes information on the method, research results, and conclusions of your research. In a separate article we explain in-depth how to write an abstract.
Although most regular APA formatting guidelines apply, the abstract page also has specific requirements. The abstract starts with a centered heading “Abstract”. In contrast to regular APA headings, no styling is applied. The first line of the paragraph is, unlike regular paragraphs, not indented.
At the end of the abstract, keywords relevant to the research are included. These keywords improve the findability of your paper in databases. Indent the line with keywords and start with the italicized word “Keyword:”, followed by the keywords.
The APA reference page, also called reference list, is where all sources that are cited in the text are listed. The citations differs for each source type. Aside from the references itself the reference page as a whole also has specific APA formatting guidelines.
The APA reference page example below highlights those guidelines regarding page margins, hanging indent and the reference page title “References”. Furthermore, the reference list is sorted alphabetically. You can easily create APA references with Scribbr’s free APA Citation Generator.
Scribbr APA Citation Generator
APA reference page example
In-text citations and references
APA format citations consist of parenthetical citation in the text (in-text citations) and the full reference in the reference list. For each webpage, journal article, book or any other source specific citation guidelines apply.
To make things easier Scribbr created the free APA Citation Generator that cites every source perfectly. Just enter the URL, journal DOI or book ISBN and both the in-text citation and full reference are generated.
Setting up the APA format
This video will demonstrate how to set up the APA format in Google Docs.
Frequently asked questions about APA format
- How do I set up APA format in Word?
The easiest way to set up APA format in Word is to download Scribbr’s APA format Word template. This will make sure that:
- One-inch page margins are set.
- APA heading styles are imported.
- A running head and page numbers are included in the header.
- The font size and line spacing is correct.
In addition, you’ll have an easy-to-follow structure with examples and useful links to more information.
- How do I cite in APA format?
There are many guidelines and exceptions when citing sources in APA format. The easiest and most effective way of citing in APA format is by using Scribbr’s free APA Citation Generator. This is how it works:
- Automatically retrieve all required information by entering a page URL, journal article DOI or book ISBN.
- Check the retrieved information and make changes if necessary.
- Click on ‘Generate citation’.
- Copy the APA reference entry and in-text citation.
- What font and font size is used in APA format?
- Should I include page numbers on the title and reference page in an APA format paper?
Page numbers should be right aligned in the header (top of the page). Don’t forget to set the font to Times New Roman, size 12.
- Who uses APA format?
APA is a publication manual widely used by professionals, researchers and students in the social and behavioural sciences, including fields like education, psychology, and business.
Be sure to check the guidelines of your university or the journal you want to be published in before applying APA format.