Example APA Style: Personal communication

Conversations belong, according to the APA Style, to ‘personal communication’. Examples are: e-mails, letters, phone calls, personal conversations, interviews, questionnaires etc. A source that counts as personal communication is not recorded in the reference list, because the reader can’t check it.

That means you will refer to the personal communication in your text but won’t record it in the reference list. You can make a list with all names and data of your interviews in the appendix.

Personal communication
APA-formatDon’t record in reference list
In reference listDon’t record in reference list
In the text
  • In a conversation with the floor manager … (P. Bankers, personal communication, March 3, 2015).
  • P. Bankers (personal communication, March 3, 2015) suggested that the problem could be solved by … .

Check out other APA examples

APA journal citationApps
Blendle-article/ Newspaper article (internet)Commercial Radio/TV
Conference paperDictionary
Dissertation of another studentE-book
FacebookForum post
Internal documents (Intranet)Internet article
InterviewLecture slides/ handouts
Newspaper article (offline)Oration
Personal communicationPhoto/ Image
Press releaseRadio/Tv-show
Statistic databaseTwitter
WikipediaScientific (journal) article for publication
SurveyHow to cite a book in APA
How to cite a movie in APAHow to cite a YouTube video | APA Style
Is this article helpful?
Koen Driessen

Koen has written multiple theses and founded, together with Bas and Richard, the thesis editing company Scribbr in 2012.

Want to be sure you are not committing plagiarism?

Have peace of mind and start our plagiarism check now.
Start the check
Reliable & fast

Comment or ask a question.