How to cite a TV show in APA Style

This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines.

To cite an episode of a TV show in APA Style, list the writer(s) and director(s) as authors, the date when the episode aired, the name of the episode, the season and episode number, “TV series episode” in square brackets, the executive producers of the whole series, the title of the series, and the production company or companies.

Format Writer last name, Initials. (Writer), & Director last name, Initials. (Director). (Year, Month Day). Episode name (Season Number, Episode Number) [TV series episode]. In Executive producer initialsLast name (Executive Producer), Series name. Production Company.
Reference entry Kogen, J. (Writer), Wolodarsky, W. (Writer), & Kirkland, M. (Director). (1993, March 11). Last exit to Springfield (Season 4, Episode 17) [TV series episode]. In J. L. Brooks, M. Groening, A. Jean, M. Reiss, S. Simon (Executive Producers), The Simpsons. Gracie Films; Twentieth Century Fox Film Productions.
In-text citation (Kogen et al., 1993)

Citing an entire TV series in APA Style

The format for citing an entire TV series is more straightforward. The executive producers are listed as authors, and the range of years given is for the series’ entire run.

Format Executive producer last name, Initials. (Executive Producer). (Year range). Series name [TV series]. Production Company.
Reference entry Chase, D., Grey, B., Green, R., Burgess, M., Landress, I. S., Winter, T., & Weiner, M. (Executive Producers). (1999–2007). The Sopranos [TV series]. Chase Films; Brad Grey Television; HBO Entertainment.
In-text citation (Chase et al., 1999–2007)

Authors and production companies for TV shows

When listing writers and directors for an episode, each person listed should be individually labeled as either “Writer” or “Director.” If one person combined both roles, write “Writer & Director” in the parentheses.

Don’t label them collectively, as it can cause confusion.

  • Kogen, J., Wolodarsky, W., & Kirkland, M. (Writers & Director).
  • Kogen, J., Wolodarsky, W. (Writers), & Kirkland, M. (Director).
  • Kogen, J. (Writer), Wolodarsky, W. (Writer), & Kirkland, M. (Director).

Executive producers are labeled collectively, since they all share the same role.

  • J. L. Brooks (Executive Producer), M. Groening (Executive Producer), A. Jean (Executive Producer) …
  • J. L. Brooks, M. Groening, A. Jean, M. Reiss, S. Simon (Executive Producers)

No role specifications are included in in-text citations, and “et al.” is used when more than three total contributors are listed.

In-text citations
  • (Kogen et al., 1993)
  • (Chase et al., 1999–2007)

Finally, note that when a series is produced by multiple production companies, you should list them all, separated by semicolons.

Listing multiple production companies
Chase Films; Brad Grey Television; HBO Entertainment.

Check out other APA examples

Citing personal communications in APA Style Citing tables and figures from other sources in APA Style
How to cite a book in APA Style How to cite a brochure in APA Style
How to cite a conference paper in APA Style How to cite a court case in APA Style
How to cite a dictionary in APA Style How to cite a dissertation in APA Style
How to cite a government website or report in APA Style How to cite a journal article in APA Style
How to cite a law in APA Style How to cite a magazine article in APA Style
How to cite a movie in APA Style How to cite a newspaper article in APA Style
How to cite a patent in APA Style How to cite a PDF in APA Style
How to cite a podcast in APA Style How to cite a PowerPoint in APA Style
How to cite a press release in APA Style How to cite a report in APA Style
How to cite a speech in APA Style How to cite a survey in APA Style
How to cite a TED Talk in APA Style How to cite a TV show in APA Style
How to cite a tweet in APA Style How to cite a webpage with no author, date, or title in APA Style
How to cite a website in APA Style How to cite a YouTube video in APA Style
How to cite an encyclopedia in APA Style How to cite an image in APA Style
How to cite an interview in APA Style How to cite the Bible in APA Style
Is this article helpful?
Jack Caulfield

Jack is a Brit based in Amsterdam, with an MA in comparative literature. He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time.

2 comments

Emily
February 11, 2021 at 12:32 AM

Hello,

What about APA 7th style for a year range within the same century included in the text?

1942-1943
or
1942-42

Reply

Jack Caulfield
Jack Caulfield (Scribbr Team)
February 17, 2021 at 4:57 PM

Hi Emily,

Based on the examples in the APA 7th edition manual, they recommend just including the full years regardless of their being in the same century/decade or not. So your example would be 1942–1943. Note that an en dash (–) is recommended for numerical ranges, not a hyphen (-).

Reply

Still have questions?

Please click the checkbox on the left to verify that you are a not a bot.