Author last name, Shortened Book Title, Page number(s).
2. Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea, 54–55.
Short notes always follow the same basic format. Full notes and bibliography entries contain additional information if the book specifies an edition, translator, or editor, and follow a specific format when citing an individual chapter in a book.
To cite an online journal article in Chicago notes and bibliography style, list the author’s name, the title of the article, the journal name, volume, issue, and publication date, the page range on which the article appears, and a DOI or URL.
For an article accessed in print, follow the same format and simply omit the DOI or URL.
In Chicago style, it’s acceptable to just include information about images in the text, rather than writing a formal citation.
If you’re required to include a formal citation, you can follow the format shown below to cite images found online in notes and bibliography style. Make sure to cite the page where the image is hosted, not, for example, the Google search results where you found it.
Author last name, First name. Image Title. Month Day, Year. Format description. Website Name. URL.
To cite a published interview from a newspaper, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference listing the interviewer’s name, the publication date, the interview title, the name of the newspaper, and a URL if the article was consulted online.
To cite an article from a newspaper, you need an in-text citation and a reference listing the author, the publication date, the article’s title, the name of the newspaper, and a URL if it was accessed online.
Different citation styles present this information differently. The main styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago style.
You can explore the format for newspaper article citations in APA and MLA style using the the interactive example generator below.
To cite an image, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference. The reference should list the creator of the image, the year it was published, its title and format, and its location or container (e.g. a website, book, or museum).
The format varies depending on where you accessed the image and which citation style you’re using: APA, MLA, or Chicago.
If you include the image directly in your text as a figure, you’ll usually have to include an appropriate copyright/permissions statement.
To cite a lecture or speech, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference listing the speaker, the title of the lecture, the date it took place, and details of the context (e.g. the name of the course or event and the institution).
The exact information included varies depending on how you viewed the lecture and what citation style you are using. The main citation styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago style.