How to cite a webpage with no author, date, or title in APA Style

This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines.

Webpage citations in APA Style consist of five components: author, publication date, title, website name, and URL.

Unfortunately, some of these components are sometimes missing. For instance, there may be no author or publication date. This article explains how to handle different kinds and combinations of missing information.

What’s missing? Solution
Nothing
No author Use title in place of author.
No date Use “n.d.” (“no date”) in place of date.
No title Describe the source in brackets.
No author or date Use title in place of author; use “n.d.” in place of date.
No author or title Use bracketed description in place of author.
No date or title Use “n.d.” in place of date; describe the source in brackets.
No author, date, or title Use bracketed description in place of author; use “n.d.” in place of date.


Basic webpage citation format

You can explore the basic citation format for a webpage using the example generator below.

No author

Format Page title. (Year, Month Day). Website Name. URL
Reference list APA citation guidelines. (2020, October 30). Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation (APA Citation Guidelines, 2020)

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No date

Format Last name, Initials. (n.d.). Page title. Website Name. URL
Reference list Streefkerk, R. (n.d.). APA citation guidelines. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation (Streefkerk, n.d.)

No title

Format Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). [Description of page]. Website Name. URL
Reference list Streefkerk, R. (2020, October 30). [Article about APA citations]. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation (Streefkerk, 2020)

No author or date

Format Page title. (n.d.). Website Name. URL
Reference list APA citation guidelines (n.d.). Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation (APA Citation Guidelines, n.d.)

No author or title

Format [Description of page]. (Year, Month Day). Website Name. URL
Reference list [Article about APA citations]. (2020, October 30). Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation ([Article about APA citations], 2020)

No date or title

Format Last name, initials. (n.d.). [Description of page]. Website Name. URL
Reference list Streefkerk, R. (n.d.). [Article about APA citations]. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation (Streefkerk, n.d.)

No author, date, or title

Format [Description of page]. (n.d.). Website Name. URL
Reference list [Article about APA citations]. (n.d.). Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/category/apa-style/
In-text citation ([Article about APA citations], n.d.)

Don’t forget: Our APA Citation Generator can handle all of these exceptions for you automatically!

Try the APA Citation Generator

Check out other APA examples

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Jack Caulfield

Jack is a Brit based in Amsterdam, with an MA in comparative literature. He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time.

2 comments

Melissa
January 24, 2021 at 8:48 PM

In APA 7th edition, when there is no author and you just have the title to put on alpha order, do you count the word “the?” So if I have “ The adventures of a spy” and “Behind the scenes” which title goes first on the RP?

Reply

Jack Caulfield
Jack Caulfield (Scribbr Team)
January 26, 2021 at 3:26 PM

Hi Melissa,

When the reference entry begins with a title, you ignore articles ("a," "an," or "the") at the start of a title for the purposes of alphabetization. So in your case, "The adventures of a spy" comes first, since you're alphabetizing by "adventures."

Reply

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