How to cite a journal article in Chicago style
|Full note format||Author first name last name, “Article Title,” Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Year): page number(s), DOI/URL.|
|Short note format||Author last name, “Shortened Article Title,” page number(s).|
|Bibliography format||Author last name, first name. “Article Title.” Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Month Year): Page range. DOI/URL.|
If you’re using author-date style, a slightly different format applies.
Journal article citation examples
When you cite a journal article that you accessed online, for example via a research database, it’s important to include either a DOI or a URL.
|Full note||1. Hanna Pickard, “What Is Personality Disorder?” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 18, no. 3 (September 2011): 182. https://doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2011.0040.|
|Short note||2. Pickard, “What Is Personality Disorder?” 182.|
|Bibliography||Pickard, Hanna. “What Is Personality Disorder?” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 18, no. 3 (September 2011): 181–84. https://doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2011.0040.|
A DOI (digital object identifier) is a link designed to permanently and reliably link to the article. It is usually listed in the online database where the article was found. Always include the DOI if one is available.
|Full note||1. Gabriel Oak Rabin and Brian Rabern, “Well Founding Grounding Grounding,” Journal of Philosophical Logic 45, no. 4 (August 2016): 357. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43895445.|
|Short note||2. Rabin and Rabern, “Well Founding Grounding Grounding,” 357.|
|Bibliography||Rabin, Gabriel Oak, and Brian Rabern. “Well Founding Grounding Grounding.” Journal of Philosophical Logic 45, no. 4 (August 2016): 349–79. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43895445.|
When no DOI is available, use a URL instead. Avoid just copying the URL from your browser’s address bar, as this link may only work with your login. Journals sometimes list a stable URL in place of a DOI; if so, use this in your citation.
|Full note||1. Jack A. Goldstone, “Climate Lessons from History,” Historically Speaking 14, no. 5 (November 2013): 35. Project MUSE.|
|Short note||2. Goldstone, “Climate Lessons,” 35.|
|Bibliography||Goldstone, Jack A. “Climate Lessons from History.” Historically Speaking 14, no. 5 (November 2013): 35–37. Project MUSE.|
If no reliable link whatsoever is available, you can instead list the name of the database where you accessed the journal (e.g. JSTOR, Project MUSE)
|Full note||1. Joseph Barker, “Against ‘Vital Materialism’: The Passive Creation of Life in Deleuze,” Mosaic 48, no. 4 (December 2015): 55.|
|Short note||2. Barker, “Against ‘Vital Materialism,’” 55.|
|Bibliography||Barker, Joseph. “Against ‘Vital Materialism’: The Passive Creation of Life in Deleuze.” Mosaic 48, no. 4 (December 2015): 49–62.|
If you accessed the article in print, you don’t have to include a URL or DOI.
Journal articles with multiple authors
Journal articles frequently have multiple authors. Author names should be listed in the order they appear at the head of the article (not in alphabetical order).
In your notes, list up to three authors in full. When there are four or more authors, list only the first, followed by “et al.” (Latin for “and others”).
|Number of authors||Full note example||Short note example|
|2 authors||John Smith and Paul J. Jones||Smith and Jones|
|3 authors||John Smith, Paul J. Jones, and Sheila McDonnell||Smith, Jones, and McDonnell|
|4+ authors||John Smith et al.||Smith et al.|
In your bibliography, list up to 10 authors in full.
If there are eleven or more authors, list the first seven in the bibliography, followed by “et al.”
Citing journal articles in author-date style
In Chicago author-date style, an in-text citation consists of the author’s last name, the year of publication, and a page number.
Each in-text citation must correspond to an entry in your reference list. This is almost identical to a bibliography entry, except the year comes after the author’s name, and only the month appears in brackets.
Author-date journal citation examples
|In-text citation||(Pickard 2011, 182)|
|Reference list||Pickard, Hanna. 2011. “What Is Personality Disorder?” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 18, no. 3 (September): 181–84. https://doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2011.0040.|
|In-text citation||(Rabin and Rabern 2016, 357)|
|Reference list||Rabin, Gabriel Oak, and Brian Rabern. 2016. “Well Founding Grounding Grounding.” Journal of Philosophical Logic 45, no. 4 (August): 349–79. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43895445.|
|In-text citation||(Goldstone 2013, 36)|
|Reference list||Goldstone, Jack A. 2013. “Climate Lessons from History.” Historically Speaking 14, no. 5 (November): 35–37. Project MUSE.|
|In-text citation||(Barker 2015, 60)|
|Reference list||Barker, Joseph. 2015. “Against ‘Vital Materialism’: The Passive Creation of Life in Deleuze.” Mosaic 48, no. 4 (December): 49–62.|
Finding citation information for a journal article
The information you need for your citations is usually listed above the article in the database where you found it. The image below shows where to find the relevant information on Project MUSE, for example.
With this information, we can construct our bibliography entry.
Frequently asked questions about Chicago style citations
- When should I include page numbers in Chicago style citations?
Page numbers should be included in your Chicago in-text citations when:
- You’re quoting from the text.
- You’re paraphrasing a particular passage.
- You’re referring to information from a specific section.
When you’re referring to the overall argument or general content of a source, it’s unnecessary to include page numbers.
- When should I use “et al.” in Chicago citations?
When a source has four or more authors, your in-text citation or footnote should give only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” (Latin for “and others”). This makes your citations more concise.
In your bibliography or reference list, when a source has more than 10 authors, list the first seven followed by “et al.”
- Should I use short notes or full notes?
- How do I find the DOI of an article?
The DOI is usually clearly visible when you open a journal article on an academic database. It is often listed near the publication date, and includes “doi.org” or “DOI:”. If the database has a “cite this article” button, this should also produce a citation with the DOI included.
If you can’t find the DOI, you can search on Crossref using information like the author, the article title, and the journal name.