How to cite a newspaper article in Chicago style

To cite a newspaper or magazine article in Chicago, you can use a footnote citation:

1. Gibbons-Neff, Thomas, and Mujib Mashal, “U.S. Is Quietly Reducing Its Troop Force in Afghanistan,” New York Times, October 21, 2019,

Chicago also allows you to cite newspaper articles informally within the text:

On October 21, 2019, the New York Times reported that the United States military was already in the process of withdrawing from Afghanistan “despite the lack of a peace deal with the Taliban” (“U.S. Is Quietly Reducing Its Troop Force in Afghanistan”).

In this case, you don’t need to include the source in your bibliography or reference list.

If you are required to formally cite newspaper articles, follow the relevant Chicago citation format: either notes and bibliography or author-date style.

Citing articles with notes and bibliography

If you’re using more formal notes and bibliography style, each article needs a footnote or endnote and a bibliography entry.


Your full and short notes follow this basic format:

1. Author First Name Last Name, “Headline/Article Title,” Publication Name, date, URL.
2. Author Last Name, “Shortened Headline/Article Title.”

A URL is included only if the article was consulted online.

The title or headline appears in quotation marks, with every major word capitalized (even if this is not the case in the original). It is shortened in a short note if it is longer than four words:

1. Leyland Cecca, “Glacial Rivers Absorb Carbon Faster than Rainforests, Scientists Find,” Guardian, October 25, 2019,­environment/­2019/­oct/25/­scientists-­glacial-­rivers-­absorb-­carbon-­faster-­rainforests.
2. Cecca, “Glacial Rivers.”

Page numbers may be used in citations from magazines, but are usually left out of newspaper citations. This is because newspaper page numbers are not consistent between different editions of the same issue. If you include a page number, it comes at the end of the citation:

3. Jill Lepore, “The Man Who Broke the Music Business,” New Yorker, April 27, 2015, 59.

The name of the newspaper or magazine is written in italics, and if it begins with “The,” this word should be omitted (as it is from “The Guardian” above).

Bibliography entries

A Chicago bibliography entry for a newspaper article follows this basic format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Headline/Article Title.” Publication Name, date, edition. URL.

No page range is included in either magazine or newspaper bibliography entries, because articles in these publications are frequently split across different sections and interrupted by advertisements.

Different editions of a newspaper may exist (e.g. “early edition,” “final edition,” “Midwest edition”) which can be included where relevant:

Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. “Robert Giroux, Editor, Publisher and Nurturer of Literary Giants, Is Dead at 94.” New York Times, September 6, 2008, New York edition.

Citing articles in author-date style

In author-date style, your in-text citations appear in parentheses in the text, and correspond to entries in your reference list.

In-text citations

For an in-text newspaper citation, you just need the author’s last name and the year (not the full date) of the article’s publication:

(Cecca 2019)

For a magazine article, you may also include a page number if you’re citing or referring to a specific passage:

(Lepore 2015, 59)

Reference list entries

A reference list entry follows this format:

Author Last Name, First Name. Year. “Headline/Article Title.” Publication Name, date, edition. URL.

The URL is only necessary if the article was viewed online. The year is included early in the citation, but repeated when the full publication date is given, to avoid confusion.

The headline or title appears in quotation marks, while the publication’s name is italicized. If the publication’s name begins with “The,” this word is omitted:

Davidson Sorkin, Amy. 2019. “Boris Johnson’s Bad Saturday and the Contradictions of Brexit.” New Yorker, October 19, 2019.

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Citing newspaper articles informally

If you want to cite a newspaper article informally in your text, the key elements to mention are the name of the newspaper, the headline of the article, and the date of publication:

An article appearing in the New Yorker on October 19, 2019 discussed the latest developments regarding Brexit (“Boris Johnson’s Bad Saturday and the Contradictions of Brexit”).

These elements can be mentioned in parentheses, in a sentence, or in a note, as long as they’re all there. Once this information is included in your text, there’s no need to add a bibliography or reference list entry for it.

Frequently asked questions about Chicago style citations

How do I cite a source with multiple authors in Chicago style?

In a Chicago style footnote, list up to three authors. If there are more than three, name only the first author, followed by “et al.

In the bibliography, list up to ten authors. If there are more than ten, list the first seven followed by “et al.”

Full note Short note Bibliography
2 authors Anna Burns and Robert Smith Burns and Smith Burns, Anna, and Robert Smith.
3 authors Anna Burns, Robert Smith, and Judith Green Burns, Smith, and Green Burns, Anna, Robert Smith, and Judith Green.
4+ authors Anna Burns et al. Burns et al. Burns, Anna, Robert Smith, Judith Green, and Maggie White.

The same rules apply in Chicago author-date style.

How do I cite a source with no author in Chicago style?

In a Chicago footnote citation, when the author of a source is unknown (as is often the case with websites), start the citation with the title in a full note. In short notes and bibliography entries, list the organization that published it as the author.

Type Example
Full note 1. “An Introduction to Research Methods,” Scribbr, accessed June 11, 2020,
Short note 2. Scribbr, “Research Methods.”
Bibliography Scribbr. “An Introduction to Research Methods.” Accessed June 11, 2020.

In Chicago author-date style, treat the organization as author in your in-text citations and reference list.

How do I cite a source with no date in Chicago style?

When an online source does not list a publication date, replace it with an access date in your in footnote citations and your bibliography:

Example: Chicago bibliography entry with access date
Scribbr. “How to Write a Research Paper.” Accessed June 9, 2020.

If you are using author-date in-text citations, or if the source was not accessed online, replace the date with “n.d.”

Example: Chicago author-date citation with no date
(Scribbr, n.d.)
Should I use short notes or full notes?

If your text includes a Chicago style bibliography, you only ever need to use short notes. Each short note must correspond to a bibliography entry.

If you do not include a bibliography, your first citation of each source should be a full note, while all subsequent citations should be short notes.

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Jack Caulfield

Jack is a Brit based in Amsterdam, with an MA in comparative literature. He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time.

1 comment

Jack Caulfield
Jack Caulfield (Scribbr Team)
October 25, 2019 at 3:49 PM

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