How to cite an interview in Chicago style

Note: This article mainly covers notes and bibliography style. For author-date style, click here.

The format for citing an interview in Chicago notes and bibliography style depends on whether the interview is published or unpublished. An unpublished interview is one you conducted yourself or found in an archive; all other interviews are considered published.

  • Unpublished interviews are cited only in notes and don’t appear in the bibliography.
  • A published interview is cited in the format of the source type (e.g. newspaper, video), but with the interviewee listed as author.

Citing an unpublished interview

Unpublished interviews include those you conducted yourself for the purposes of your research, and any you accessed through archives rather than formal publications. Both are cited only in notes.

Interview you conducted

Footnote references to interviews you conducted should name the person interviewed, clarify that you were the interviewer, and list the place (if the interview took place in person) and date.

1. John Smith, interview by author, Amsterdam, September 19, 2019.

If you’ve agreed to keep the person interviewed anonymous for any reason, use an appropriate description of them instead of their name.

2. Interview with a high school teacher, Chicago, March 15, 2021.

Any subsequent footnotes for the same interview should be shortened.

3. Smith, interview.
4. Interview with a high school teacher.

Interview from an archive

If the interview is available from an archive (in the form of a transcript or recording), add the name of the interviewer and details of where the interview can be accessed.

4. John Smith, interview by Shona McCombes, July 15, 2020, interview 42A, transcript, Scribbr Archives, Amsterdam.
5. Smith, interview.

Citing a published interview

Citations of interviews that have been published in any type of source follow the format for the type of source in which they were published. The only difference from the usual formats is that the note and bibliography entry both begin with the name of the person being interviewed.

Include the  the interviewer’s name after the title. If the name of the person interviewed is mentioned in the title, the name can be omitted from the start of a note (as seen in the examples below), but it should always appear in the bibliography entry.

Click through the tabs below to see how to cite interviews from journals, videos, and magazines.

Published interview citation examples

Bibliography Interviewee last name, First name. “Article Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Month or Season Year): Page range. DOI or URL.

Coetzee, J. M. “An Interview with J. M. Coetzee.” Interview by Richard Begam. Contemporary Literature 33, no. 3 (Autumn 1992): 419–431. https://doi.org/10.2307/1208476.

Full note Interviewee first name Last name, “Article Title,” interview by Interviewer first name Last name, Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Month or Season Year): Page number(s). DOI or URL.

1. “An Interview with J. M. Coetzee,” interview by Richard Begam, Contemporary Literature 33, no. 3 (Autumn 1992): 425. https://doi.org/10.2307/1208476.

Short note Interviewee last name, “Shortened Title,” Page number(s).

2. “Interview with J. M. Coetzee,” 427.

Bibliography Interviewee last nameFirst name. “Video Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Month Day, Year. Video, Video lengthURL.

Smith, Zadie. “Zadie Smith Interview: On Shame, Rage and Writing.” Interview by Synne Rifbjerg. April 17, 2018. Video, 17:24. https://youtu.be/4LREBOwjrrw.

Full note Interviewee first name Last name, “Video Title,” interview by Interviewer first name Last nameMonth DayYear, video, Video length or Timestamp(s)URL.

1. “Zadie Smith Interview: On Shame, Rage and Writing,” interview by Synne Rifbjerg, April 17, 2018, video, 17:24, https://youtu.be/4LREBOwjrrw.

Short note Interviewee last name, “Shortened Video Title,” Timestamp(s).

2. “Zadie Smith Interview,” 6:20.

Bibliography Interviewee last nameFirst name. “Article Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Magazine NameMonth Day, YearURL.

Hopkins, Anthony. “Anthony Hopkins Remembers It All.” Interview by Michael Schulman. New Yorker, February 27, 2021. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/the-new-yorker-interview/anthony-hopkins-remembers-it-all.

Full note Interviewee first name Last name, “Article Title,” interview by Interviewer first name Last name, Magazine NameMonth DayYearURL.

1. “Anthony Hopkins Remembers It All,” interview by Michael Schulman, New Yorker, February 27, 2021, https://www.newyorker.com/culture/the-new-yorker-interview/anthony-hopkins-remembers-it-all.

Short note Interviewee last name, “Shortened Article Title,” Page number(s).

2. “Anthony Hopkins Remembers.”

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Citing interviews in author-date style

In author-date style, unpublished interviews do appear in your reference list, with the exception of interviews where the person interviewed cannot be named (usually for reasons of confidentiality). In this case, the interview should just be described in the text or in parentheses.

(interview with a high school teacher, Chicago, March 15, 2021)

Explore the tabs below to see how to cite other kinds of published and unpublished interviews in author-date style.

Author-date interview citation examples

Format Interviewee last name, First name. Year. Interview by author. Location. Month Day, Year.
Reference list Smith, John. 2019. Interview by author. Amsterdam. September 19, 2019.
In-text citation (Smith 2019)
Format Interviewee last name, First name. Year. Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Month Day, Year. Interview Label, Format, Archive Name, Location.
Reference list Smith, John. 2020. Interview by Shona McCombes. July 15, 2020. Interview 42A, transcript, Scribbr Archives, Amsterdam.
In-text citation (Smith 2020)
Format Interviewee last name, First name. Year. “Article Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Month or Season): Page range. DOI or URL.
Reference list Coetzee, J. M. 1992. “An Interview with J. M. Coetzee.” Interview by Richard Begam. Contemporary Literature 33, no. 3 (Autumn): 419–431. https://doi.org/10.2307/1208476.
In-text citation (Coetzee 1992, 425)
Format Interviewee last nameFirst name. Year. “Video Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Month Day, Year. Video, Video lengthURL.
Reference list Smith, Zadie. 2018. “Zadie Smith Interview: On Shame, Rage and Writing.” Interview by Synne Rifbjerg. April 17, 2018. Video, 17:24. https://youtu.be/4LREBOwjrrw.
In-text citation (Smith 2018, 14:11)
Format Interviewee last nameFirst name. Year. “Article Title.” Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Magazine NameMonth Day, YearURL.
Reference list Hopkins, Anthony. 2021. “Anthony Hopkins Remembers It All.” Interview by Michael Schulman. New Yorker, February 27, 2021. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/the-new-yorker-interview/anthony-hopkins-remembers-it-all.
In-text citation (Hopkins 2021)
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Jack Caulfield

Jack is a Brit based in Amsterdam, with an MA in comparative literature. He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time.

1 comment

Jack Caulfield
Jack Caulfield (Scribbr Team)
May 14, 2021 at 1:45 PM

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