How to cite a website in APA style
APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, and the URL. If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date.
If you are citing an online version of a print publication (e.g. a newspaper or magazine), use the same format as you would for print, with a URL added at the end.
Use the buttons below to explore the format.
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Citing an entire website
When you refer to a website in your text without quoting or paraphrasing from a specific part of it, you don’t need a formal citation. Instead, you can just include the URL in parentheses after the name of the site:
One of the most popular social media sites, Instagram (http://instagram.com), allows users to share images and videos.
For this kind of citation, you don’t need to include the website on the reference page. However, if you’re citing a specific page or article from a website, you will need a formal in-text citation and reference list entry.
How to cite online articles
Various kinds of articles appear online, and how you cite them depends on where the article appears.
Articles from online versions of newspapers and magazines
Articles appearing in online versions of print publications (e.g. newspapers and magazines) are cited like their print versions, but with an added URL. Give the homepage URL instead of the specific article, as the latter is more likely to change over time.
MacGillis, A. (2019, November 11). The case against Boeing. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/
7th edition updates
The 7th edition of the APA manual recommends linking directly to the specific article. It also omits the words “Retrieved from”:
MacGillis, A. (2019, November 11). The case against Boeing. The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/11/18/the-case-against-boeing
Articles from blogs
Citations of blogs include the words “Blog post” and the article URL. The name of the blog is not included:
7th edition updates
If you are following the 7th edition, you no longer have to include “[Blog post]” or “Retrieved from”, and you do include the name of the blog in italics:
Alexander, S. (2019, November 13). Autism and intelligence: Much more than you wanted to know. Slate Star Codex. https://slatestarcodex.com/2019/11/13/autism-and-intelligence-much-more-than-you-wanted-to-know/
Other online articles
For articles from other websites, including news sites without print equivalents (e.g. BBC News, Reuters), the name of the site is not mentioned, and the URL links directly to the article:
7th edition updates
In the 7th edition, articles from other websites have their titles italicized, and the name of the site is included but not italicized:
Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127
Websites with no author
When a web page does not list any author, replace the author name with the title of the page or article.
In the in-text citation, put the title in quotation marks, and shorten it to the first few words if necessary.
|Format||Article Title. (Year, month day). Retrieved from URL|
|Example||Australia fires: ‘Catastrophic’ alerts in South Australia and Victoria. (2019, November 11). Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-50483410|
|In-text citation||(“Australia fires,” 2019)|
Note that if the source is attributed to a specific organization or company, you should use this as the author name instead.
Websites with no date
When a web page or article does not list a publication or revision date, replace the date with “n.d.” (“no date”) in all citations.
If an online source is likely to change over time, it is recommended to include the date on which you accessed it.
|Format||Author or Organization Name. (n.d.). Article Title. Retrieved month day, year, from URL|
|Reference list||University of Amsterdam. (n.d.). About the UvA. Retrieved November 20, 2019, from https://www.uva.nl/en/about-the-uva/about-the-university/about-the-university.html|
|In-text citation||(University of Amsterdam, n.d.)|
How to cite from social media
7th edition updates
Since the 6th edition of the APA manual does not provide guidelines for citing from social media, the information in this section follows the 7th edition.
As social media posts are usually untitled, use the first 20 words of the post, in italics, as a title. Also include any relevant information about the type of post and any multimedia aspects (e.g. videos, images, sound) in square brackets:
On some social media sites, users go by usernames instead of or in addition to their real names. Where the author’s real name is known, include it, along with their username in square brackets:
In some cases, you’ll want to cite a whole social media profile instead of a specific post. In these cases, include an access date, because a profile will obviously change over time:
- What does an APA in-text citation for a website look like?
When citing an entire website or online article in APA Style, the in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and year of publication. For example: (Worland & Williams, 2015).
Note that the author can also be an organization. For example: (American Psychological Association, 2019).
Since web pages don’t have page numbers, you don’t include a locator in the in-text citation.
- How do I cite a source with no page numbers in APA?
When you quote or paraphrase a specific passage from a source, you need to indicate the location of the passage in your in-text citation. If there are no page numbers (e.g. when citing a website), you can instead use section headings, paragraph numbers, or a combination of the two:
(Caulfield, 2019, “Linking” section, para. 1).
Paragraph numbers may appear in the original text; if not, you can count the paragraphs yourself. Section headings can be shortened if necessary. Kindle location numbers should not be used in ebook citations, as they are unreliable.
If you are referring to the source as a whole, it's not necessary to include a page number or other marker.
- When should I include an access date in an APA citation?
However, if you are citing a website or online article that's likely to change over time, it's a good idea to include an access date. In this case, place the month, day, and year directly after the word "Retrieved", and before the URL.