How to cite a newspaper article
To cite an article from a newspaper, you need an in-text citation and a reference listing the author, the publication date, the article’s title, the name of the newspaper, and a URL if it was accessed online.
You can explore the format for newspaper article citations in APA and MLA style using the the interactive example generator below.
Note that the format is slightly different when citing an interview published in a newspaper.
Citing a newspaper article in APA Style
In an APA Style newspaper article reference, the article title is in plain text with sentence-style capitalization, the name of the newspaper in italics with headline capitalization. Include a URL if the article was accessed online.
|APA format||Author last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Name. URL|
|Reference entry||LaFraniere, S., & Weiland, N. (2021, March 26). For Biden, a new virus dilemma: How to handle a looming glut of vaccine. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/26/us/biden-coronavirus-vaccine.html|
|In-text citation||(LaFraniere & Weiland, 2021)|
You can also cite a newspaper article using our free APA Citation Generator. Search by URL to automatically generate an accurate citation.
Citing a print article
If you accessed the article in a print newspaper, the reference entry includes the page number(s) of the article instead of the URL. Newspaper page numbers are sometimes written with a combination of letters and numerals (e.g. D4); the letters should be retained.
|APA format||Author last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Name, Page number(s).|
|Reference entry||Raghavan, S. (2021, March 26). As massive ship remains stuck in the Suez Canal, signs of global economic toll emerge. The Washington Post, A2, D3.|
|In-text citation||(Raghavan, 2021, A2)|
Citing a newspaper article in MLA Style
An MLA Works Cited entry for a newspaper article lists the article title in quotation marks and the name of the newspaper in italics. A URL is listed at the end for an article consulted online.
The in-text citation for an online newspaper article consists solely of the author’s last name.
|MLA format||Author last name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Day Month Year, URL.|
|Works Cited entry||LaFraniere, Sharon, and Noah Weiland. “For Biden, a New Virus Dilemma: How to Handle a Looming Glut of Vaccine.” The New York Times, 26 Mar. 2021, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/26/us/biden-coronavirus-vaccine.html.|
|In-text citation||(LaFraniere and Weiland)|
If the article is from a local newspaper that could be confused with other similarly named publications, include a clarification in square brackets:
You can also use our free MLA Citation Generator to create your newspaper citations.
Citing a print article
When the article was consulted in print rather than online, the page number or range of the article is included instead of a URL.
If the article is spread across non-consecutive pages (e.g. begins on p. 1 then continues on p. 5), just write the first number followed by a plus sign (e.g. “pp. 1+”).
In the in-text citation, only specify a page number if the article appears on more than one page; otherwise, it’s unnecessary to do so.
|MLA format||Author last name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Day Month Year, p. or pp. Page number(s).|
|Works Cited entry||Raghavan, Sudarsan. “As Massive Ship Remains Stuck in the Suez Canal, Signs of Global Economic Toll Emerge.” The Washington Post, 26 Mar. 2021, pp. A2+.|
|In-text citation||(Raghavan A2)|
Citing a newspaper article in Chicago Style
Chicago style gives you the option of referring to newspaper articles informally in the text, without a bibliography entry or footnote.
However, if you need a formal Chicago citation for a newspaper article, list the article title in quotation marks and the name of the newspaper in italics. Include a URL at the end for online articles.
No page range is included in Chicago style, because articles are frequently split across non-consecutive pages. You also don’t include a page number in the footnote.
|Chicago format||Author last name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper Name, Month Day, Year, URL.|
|Bibliography entry||LaFraniere, Sharon, and Noah Weiland. “For Biden, a New Virus Dilemma: How to Handle a Looming Glut of Vaccine.” New York Times, March 26, 2021, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/26/us/biden-coronavirus-vaccine.html.|
|Footnote||1. LaFraniere and Weiland, “A New Virus Dilemma.”|
If you don’t include a bibliography, the first note for each article should include full publication details.
Frequently asked questions about citations
- What are the main elements of a newspaper article citation?
The elements included in a newspaper article citation across APA, MLA, and Chicago style are the author name, the article title, the publication date, the newspaper name, and the URL if the article was accessed online.
In APA and MLA, the page numbers of the article appear in place of the URL if the article was accessed in print. No page numbers are used in Chicago newspaper citations.
- How do I cite a source with no page numbers?
When you want to cite a specific passage in a source without page numbers (e.g. an e-book or website), all the main citation styles recommend using an alternate locator in your in-text citation. You might use a heading or chapter number, e.g. (Smith, 2016, ch. 1)
In APA Style, you can count the paragraph numbers in a text to identify a location by paragraph number. MLA and Chicago recommend that you only use paragraph numbers if they’re explicitly marked in the text.
For audiovisual sources (e.g. videos), all styles recommend using a timestamp to show a specific point in the video when relevant.
- Which citation style should I use?
Check if your university or course guidelines specify which citation style to use. If the choice is left up to you, consider which style is most commonly used in your field.
- APA Style is the most popular citation style, widely used in the social and behavioral sciences.
- MLA style is the second most popular, used mainly in the humanities.
- Chicago notes and bibliography style is also popular in the humanities, especially history.
- Chicago author-date style tends to be used in the sciences.
Other more specialized styles exist for certain fields, such as Bluebook and OSCOLA for law.
The most important thing is to choose one style and use it consistently throughout your text.