How to Cite a Website | MLA, APA & Chicago Examples
To cite a page from a website, you need a short in-text citation and a corresponding reference stating the author’s name, the date of publication, the title of the page, the website name, and the URL.
This information is presented differently in different citation styles. APA, MLA, and Chicago are the most commonly used styles.
Use the interactive example generator below to explore APA and MLA website citations.
Note that the format is slightly different for citing YouTube and other online video platforms, or for citing an image.
Citing a website in MLA Style
An MLA Works Cited entry for a webpage lists the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the site (in italics), the date of publication, and the URL.
The in-text citation usually just lists the author’s name. For a long page, you may specify a (shortened) section heading to locate the specific passage. Don’t use paragraph numbers unless they’re specifically numbered on the page.
|MLA format||Author last name, First name. “Page Title.” Website Name, Day Month Year, URL.|
|MLA Works Cited entry||Brice, Makini. “U.S. Senate Expected to Begin Debating Coronavirus Package on Thursday.” Reuters, 4 March 2021, www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-usa-congress/u-s-senate-expected-to-begin-debating-coronavirus-package-on-thursday-idUSKBN2AW18U.|
|MLA in-text citation||(Brice)|
The same format is used for blog posts and online articles from newspapers and magazines.
You can also use our free MLA Citation Generator to generate your website citations.
Generate accurate MLA citations with Scribbr
Citing a whole website
When you cite an entire website rather than a specific page, include the author if one can be identified for the whole site (e.g. for a single-authored blog). Otherwise, just start with the site name.
List the copyright date displayed on the site; if there isn’t one, provide an access date after the URL.
|MLA format||Author last name, First name. Website Name. Year or Year range, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.|
|MLA Works Cited entry||Scribbr. www.scribbr.com. Accessed 4 March 2021.|
|MLA in-text citation||(Scribbr)|
Webpages with no author or date
When no author is listed, cite the organization as author only if it differs from the website name.
If the organization name is also the website name, start the Works Cited entry with the title instead, and use a shortened version of the title in the in-text citation.
When no publication date is listed, leave it out and include an access date at the end instead.
|MLA format||Organization Name. “Page Title.” Website Name, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.|
|MLA Works Cited entry||“Citing Sources in Academic Writing.” Scribbr. www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources/. Accessed 4 March 2021.|
|MLA in-text citation||(“Citing Sources”)|
Citing a website in APA Style
An APA reference for a webpage lists the author’s last name and initials, the full date of publication, the title of the page (in italics), the website name (in plain text), and the URL.
The in-text citation lists the author’s last name and the year. If it’s a long page, you may include a locator to identify the quote or paraphrase (e.g. a paragraph number and/or section title).
|APA format||Author last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Page title. Website Name. URL|
|APA reference entry||Brice, M. (2021, March 4). U.S. Senate expected to begin debating coronavirus package on Thursday. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-usa-congress/u-s-senate-expected-to-begin-debating-coronavirus-package-on-thursday-idUSKBN2AW18U|
|APA in-text citation||(Brice, 2021, para. 6)|
Note that a general reference to an entire website doesn’t require a citation in APA Style; just include the URL in parentheses after you mention the site.
You can also use our free APA Citation Generator to create your webpage citations. Search for a URL to retrieve the details.
Generate accurate APA citations with Scribbr
Blog posts and online articles
Blog posts follow a slightly different format: the title of the post is not italicized, and the name of the blog is.
The same format is used for online newspaper and magazine articles—but not for articles from news sites like Reuters and BBC News (see the previous example).
|APA format||Author last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Blog/Publication Name. URL|
|APA reference entry||McKenna, J. (2021, March 3). Assisted reproduction science could be a lifeline for koalas. ScienceBlog. https://jmckenna.scienceblog.com/2021/03/03/assisted-reproduction-science-could-be-a-lifeline-for-koalas/|
|APA in-text citation||(McKenna, 2021)|
Webpages with no author or date
When a page has no author specified, list the name of the organization that created it instead (and omit it later if it’s the same as the website name).
When it doesn’t list a date of publication, use “n.d.” in place of the date. You can also include an access date if the page seems likely to change over time.
|APA format||Organization Name. (n.d.). Page title. Website Name. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from URL|
|APA reference entry||Scribbr. (n.d.). Citing sources in academic writing. Retrieved March 4, 2021, from https://www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources/|
|APA in-text citation||(Scribbr, n.d.)|
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Citing a website in Chicago Style
In Chicago notes and bibliography style, footnotes are used to cite sources. They refer to a bibliography at the end that lists all your sources in full.
A Chicago bibliography entry for a website lists the author’s name, the page title (in quotation marks), the website name, the publication date, and the URL.
|Chicago format||Author last name, First name. “Page Title.” Website Name. Month Day, Year. URL.|
|Chicago bibliography entry||Brice, Makini. “U.S. Senate Expected to Begin Debating Coronavirus Package on Thursday.” Reuters. March 4, 2021. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-usa-congress/u-s-senate-expected-to-begin-debating-coronavirus-package-on-thursday-idUSKBN2AW18U.|
|Chicago footnote||1. Makini Brice, “U.S. Senate Expected to Begin Debating Coronavirus Package on Thursday,” Reuters, March 4, 2021, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-usa-congress/u-s-senate-expected-to-begin-debating-coronavirus-package-on-thursday-idUSKBN2AW18U.
2. Brice, “Coronavirus Package.”
Chicago also has an alternative author-date citation style. Examples of website citations in this style can be found here.
Blog posts and online articles
For blog posts and online articles from newspapers, the name of the publication is italicized. For a blog post, you should also add the word “blog” in parentheses, unless it’s already part of the blog’s name.
|Chicago format||Author last name, First name. “Page Title.” Blog/Publication Name (blog). Month Day, Year. URL.|
|Chicago bibliography entry||McKenna, Jarrod. “Assisted Reproduction Science Could Be a Lifeline for Koalas.” ScienceBlog. March 3, 2021. https://jmckenna.scienceblog.com/2021/03/03/assisted-reproduction-science-could-be-a-lifeline-for-koalas/.|
|Chicago footnote||1. Jarrod McKenna, “Assisted Reproduction Science Could Be a Lifeline for Koalas,” ScienceBlog, March 3, 2021, https://jmckenna.scienceblog.com/2021/03/03/assisted-reproduction-science-could-be-a-lifeline-for-koalas/.
2. McKenna, “Assisted Reproduction.”
Webpages with no author or date
When a web source doesn’t list an author, you can usually begin your bibliography entry and short note with the name of the organization responsible. Don’t repeat it later if it’s also the name of the website. A full note should begin with the title instead.
When no publication or revision date is shown, include an access date instead in your bibliography entry.
|Chicago format||Organization Name. “Page Title.” Website Name. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL.|
|Chicago bibliography entry||Scribbr. “Citing Sources in Academic Writing.” Accessed March 4, 2021. https://www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources/.|
|Chicago footnote||1. “Citing Sources in Academic Writing,” Scribbr, accessed March 4, 2021, https://www.scribbr.com/category/citing-sources/.
2. Scribbr, “Citing Sources.”
Frequently asked questions about citations
- What are the main elements of a website citation?
The main elements included in website citations across APA, MLA, and Chicago style are the author, the date of publication, the page title, the website name, and the URL. The information is presented differently in each style.
- How do I cite a source with no page numbers?
When you want to cite a specific passage in a source without page numbers (e.g. an e-book or website), all the main citation styles recommend using an alternate locator in your in-text citation. You might use a heading or chapter number, e.g. (Smith, 2016, ch. 1)
In APA Style, you can count the paragraph numbers in a text to identify a location by paragraph number. MLA and Chicago recommend that you only use paragraph numbers if they’re explicitly marked in the text.
For audiovisual sources (e.g. videos), all styles recommend using a timestamp to show a specific point in the video when relevant.
- Which citation style should I use?
Check if your university or course guidelines specify which citation style to use. If the choice is left up to you, consider which style is most commonly used in your field.
- APA Style is the most popular citation style, widely used in the social and behavioral sciences.
- MLA style is the second most popular, used mainly in the humanities.
- Chicago notes and bibliography style is also popular in the humanities, especially history.
- Chicago author-date style tends to be used in the sciences.
Other more specialized styles exist for certain fields, such as Bluebook and OSCOLA for law.
The most important thing is to choose one style and use it consistently throughout your text.
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