What are common types of cognitive bias?
Cognitive bias is an umbrella term used to describe the different ways in which our beliefs and experiences impact our judgment and decision making. These preconceptions are “mental shortcuts” that help us speed up how we process and make sense of new information.
However, this tendency may lead us to misunderstand events, facts, or other people. Cognitive bias can be a source of research bias.
Some common types of cognitive bias are:
- Anchoring bias
- Framing effect
- Actor–observer bias
- Availability heuristic
- Belief bias
- Confirmation bias
- The halo effect
- The Baader–Meinhof phenomenon