How to cite a movie in APA
A movie or documentary can be a useful source for your paper. When you decide to use one of these sources, you need to know how to cite a movie in APA style.
Be aware that if you would like to cite a Youtube video, there are other rules you need to follow.
APA movie citation
|APA format||ProducerLastName, FirstInitial. (Producer), & DirectorLastName, FirstInitial. (Director). (Year). MovieTitle [Motion Picture]. Country: NameStudio.|
|Reference list||Finerman, W., Starkey, S., Tisch, S. (Producers), & Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1994). Forrest Gump [Motion Picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.|
Explanations and exceptions
- Depending on the number of producers and directors, there are different APA Style rules. Read more about these in this article about in-text citations with multiple authors.
- When a person is both a producer and director, indicate this by adding “(Producer/Director)” after their name instead of only “(Producer).”
- Always italicize the movie title.
- Always use [Motion Picture] to indicate the movie format, except when the movie is on DVD [DVD] or VHS [VHS].
- If the movie or documentary is produced by Netflix (Netflix original) or another streaming service, you should replace the country and name of the production studio with “Retrieved from [source]”. E.g. “Retrieved from https://www.netflix.com.”
Where to find the information to cite a movie
The information needed to cite the movie can be easily found on IMDb (Internet Movie Database).
- Search for the movie using the title (e.g. ‘Forrest Gump’).
- The release year is right after the title. In this case, 1994
- Above the title, there is a tab called “Full cast and crew.” Here you can find the producer(s) and director(s).
- The director (Robert Zemeckis) is shown on top
- Below the cast you will find the producers (Wendy Finerman, Steve Starkey and Steve Tisch). You don’t need to cite the co-producers, line producers or associate producers.
- Now, go back to the movie’s overview page and scroll down to the heading “details.” Here you find the country of origin (USA) and the production company/ studio. In this example it is “Paramount Pictures.”