Problem statement example

After you’ve read our guides to defining a research problem and writing a problem statement, take a look at the full-length example to see how you can fit all the parts together.

Research problem

Voter turnout in region X has been decreasing over the past ten years, in contrast to other areas of the country.

Context (what is already known)

According to surveys conducted by organization Y, turnout is lowest among under-25s and people on low incomes [cite specific numbers]. The literature on voting patterns in country Z suggests that this reflects broader trends, but the demographics of this region make it a more significant problem [expand and explain with sources]. There have been some successful attempts to improve turnout in other regions, but similar interventions have yet to have any significant effect in region X [cite sources]. More research is required on the specific barriers to engagement in this region and effective strategies to reach young and low-income people.

Relevance (why it is important)

Low voter turnout has been shown to have negative associations with social cohesion and civic engagement, and is becoming an area of increasing concern for political parties and civil society organizations in many European democracies [give examples and cite sources]. When specific groups of citizens lack political representation, they are likely to become more excluded over time, leading to an erosion of trust in democratic institutions and ensuing difficulties in governance [expand and explain with sources]. Addressing this problem will give political parties the insight to adjust their policy and campaigning strategies, improving democratic inclusion for the residents of region X, as well as contributing to a more nuanced understanding of current trends in voter behaviour.

Aims and objectives (what you are going to do)

The aim of this research is to investigate effective engagement strategies to increase voter turnout in region X. It will identify the most significant factors in non-voting through surveys and interviews, and conduct experiments to measure the impact of different strategies on voting intention.

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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas is an experienced academic writer and loves to teach. He helps students by writing clear, simple articles about difficult topics.


Anna May
October 10, 2020 at 3:53 PM

Hi, my concern here is on how to formulate 3 problem statements with my title "- The effect of the virtual classroom to CSU-Aparri InfoTech college students' mental health. "

Thank you in advance.


July 21, 2020 at 12:41 AM

I am thinking of doing a research in our place on this title, "Anti-bullying programs: Challenges, Best Practice and Effectiveness".
I have a hard time formulating my research problem and sub-problems.
Anyone can help me?


Kamal halilu
April 21, 2019 at 11:13 PM

Good day sir

My question here is on how to formulate research problem,
the question says:
"Causes and effects of drugs abuse on academic performance among level 300 student of bayero university "


September 13, 2018 at 5:05 PM

Excuse me...but is this have something to do with S.M.A.R.T.
Which is S-specific...M-measurable...A-achievable/attainable...R-realistic/relevant...T-time-bounded....just curious to know..cuz we were asked to make 10 examples regarding about that...there may be some sentences that can maybe give me an idea to make an example

Just making sure to not miss any ideas


Leon Smits
Leon Smits (Scribbr-team)
September 14, 2018 at 10:26 PM

Hi Justine!

I'm afraid that this article will not help you writing on SMART Goals! :(



September 18, 2017 at 11:00 AM

thats good thenks


Rica Ella Mae Amancio
September 18, 2017 at 10:11 AM

Hi? Please help me,give me some examples of problem?


Lucy Vleeshouwers
Lucy Vleeshouwers (Scribbr-team)
September 21, 2017 at 3:45 PM

Hi Rica,
You can find an example of a problem definition in the article above :)
We have a guide to help you define a problem for your text in the following article:


September 7, 2017 at 3:03 PM

Dear sir,
I'm so delighted haven learned how to correctly state a research problem as well as knowing how to define its questions that has a strong link with its global objective. I'm grateful a
and willing to learn more. Thanks a million!


Wouter Koekoek
Wouter Koekoek (Scribbr-team)
September 11, 2017 at 5:06 PM

I'm glad to hear that!


Marjue Ardenia
September 6, 2017 at 4:10 PM

Please help me how to write à research problem?


Wouter Koekoek
Wouter Koekoek (Scribbr-team)
September 11, 2017 at 5:05 PM

Hi Marjue,
We'd be happy to check the language of the document, but unfortunately we cannot help you write it.
Good luck!


July 29, 2017 at 4:02 PM

please help me .
a)identify a researchable research problem
b)Identify 4 indicators
c)draw a conceptual framework.


Wouter Koekoek
Wouter Koekoek (Scribbr-team)
August 1, 2017 at 3:04 PM

Dear Hezron,
Unfortunately, we cannot help you write the text. Scribbr is a proofreading service and serves as the last checkpoint before handing in the document. After you've written the text, we'd be more than happy to check the language :).
Good luck!


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