Example of APA Style: Survey
- Your survey/results are in an appendix to your dissertation
- Your survey/results are not in an appendix to your dissertation
The survey/results are in an appendix
In this case, just refer to the appendix that contains the survey.
Example: Referencing a survey in the appendix
The survey asked respondents… (Appendix 1).
Overall, the survey showed that men more often… (Appendix 1).
The survey/results are not in an appendix
Since you can’t refer to an appendix, you should instead refer to a “personal communication”. Using this term indicates that the survey/results are not available to third parties – including the reader.
|APA Format||Not included in the literature list.|
|In the literature list||Not included in the literature list.|
|In the text|
We recommend that you always include your survey and its results in an appendix. If that isn’t possible for some reason, you can avoid having to use “personal communication” by going for the Intranet solution.