Example of APA Style: Survey

If you’re referring to your own survey research (and its results), you don’t normally need to use a formal APA Style citation. What you do instead depends on which of the following is true:

The survey/results are in an appendix

In this case, just refer to the appendix that contains the survey.

Example: Referencing a survey in the appendix

The survey asked respondents… (Appendix 1).

Overall, the survey showed that men more often… (Appendix 1).

The survey/results are not in an appendix

Since you can’t refer to an appendix, you should instead refer to a “personal communication”. Using this term indicates that the survey/results are not available to third parties – including the reader.

Personal communication
APA FormatNot included in the literature list.
In the literature listNot included in the literature list.
In the text
  • The survey showed that… (B. Swaen, personal communication, November 3, 2016).

We recommend that you always include your survey and its results in an appendix. If that isn’t possible for some reason, you can avoid having to use “personal communication” by going for the Intranet solution.

Check out other APA examples

APA journal citationApps
Blendle-article/ Newspaper article (internet)Commercial Radio/TV
Conference paperDictionary
Dissertation of another studentFacebook
Forum postInternal documents (Intranet)
Internet articleInterview
Lecture slides/ handoutsNewspaper article (offline)
PDF-documentPersonal communication
Photo/ ImagePress release
SoftwareStatistic database
Scientific (journal) article for publicationSurvey
How to cite a movie in APAHow to cite a YouTube video | APA Style
How to create an APA book citation
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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas loves to teach and is an experienced thesis writer. He tries to help students with writing clear and easy to comprehend articles about difficult topics.

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