Example of APA Style: Survey

If you’re referring to your own survey research (and its results), you don’t normally need to use a formal APA Style citation. What you do instead depends on which of the following is true:

The survey/results are in an appendix

In this case, just refer to the appendix that contains the survey.

Example: Referencing a survey in the appendix

The survey asked respondents… (Appendix 1).

Overall, the survey showed that men more often… (Appendix 1).

The survey/results are not in an appendix

Since you can’t refer to an appendix, you should instead refer to a “personal communication”. Using this term indicates that the survey/results are not available to third parties – including the reader.

Personal communication
APA FormatNot included in the literature list.
In the literature listNot included in the literature list.
In the text
  • The survey showed that… (B. Swaen, personal communication, November 3, 2016).

We recommend that you always include your survey and its results in an appendix. If that isn’t possible for some reason, you can avoid having to use “personal communication” by going for the Intranet solution.

Check out other APA examples

AppsCommercial Radio/TV
Conference paperDissertation of another student
FacebookForum post
Internal documents (Intranet)Lecture slides/ handouts
PDF documentPress release
SoftwareStatistic database
How to cite a book in APAHow to cite a dictionary or encyclopedia in APA Style
How to cite a journal article in APA StyleHow to cite a movie in APA
How to cite a newspaper article in APA StyleHow to cite a website in APA style
How to cite a YouTube video in APAHow to cite an image in APA Style
How to cite an interview in APA stylePersonal communications in APA style
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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas is an experienced academic writer and loves to teach. He helps students by writing clear, simple articles about difficult topics.

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