How to cite an online article with no author, date or title in APA style

Web resources form a separate category in APA Style. They consist of four components: author, publication date, title and URL.

Unfortunately, some of these components are often missing. For instance, there may be no author or publication date. What should you do if this is the case?

What’s missing?Solution
Nothing
No authorUse title in place of author.
No dateUse “n.d.” (“no date”) in place of year.
No titleDescribe the source in brackets.
No author or dateCombine no author and no date.
No author or titleCombine no author and no title.
No date or titleCombine no date and no title.
No author, date or titleCombine no author, no date and no title.

All information available

Online article
FormatAuthor Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Article Title [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listWorland, J. (2015, July 27). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article, Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author

Online article: No author
FormatArticle Title. [Type] (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listU.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • An article on Time suggests that … (“U.S. flood risk,” 2015).

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No date

Online article: No date
FormatAuthor Last Name, Initials. (n.d.). Article Title [Type]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listWorland, J. (n.d.). U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, n.d.).
  • In a news article Worland (n.d.) suggests that … .

No title

Online article: No title
FormatAuthor Last Name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listWorland, J. (2015, July 27). [Flood risk in the US]. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • An article on Time suggests that … (Worland, 2015).
  • In a news article Worland (2015) suggests that … .

No author or date

Online article: No author or date
FormatArticle Title. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listU.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • In an article from Time,…(“U.S. flood risk,” n.d.).
  • In an article from Time entitled “U.S. flood risk could be worse than we thought” (n.d.),…

No author or title

Online article: No author or title
Format[Description of article]. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference list [Flood risk in the US]. (2015, July 27). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood risk in the US], 2015).
  • An article from Time describing flood risk in the US (2015) suggests that…

No date or title

Online article: No date or title
FormatAuthor Last Name, Initials. (n.d.). [Description of document]. Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference listWorland, J. (n.d.). [Flood risk in the US]. Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • In an article from Time,… (Worland, n.d.).
  • In an article from Time, Worland (n.d.) suggests that…

No author, date or title

Online article: No author, date or title
Format[Description of article]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://WebAddress
Reference list[Flood risk in the US]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://time.com/3973256/flooding-risk-coastal-cities/
In-text citation
  • In an article from Time,… ([Flood Risk in the US], n.d.).
  • An article from Time discussing flood risk in the US (n.d.) suggests that…

Don’t forget: our APA Citation Generator can handle all of these exceptions for you automatically!

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Bas Swaen

Bas is co-founder of Scribbr. Bas is an experienced academic writer and loves to teach. He helps students by writing clear, simple articles about difficult topics.

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