Example APA Style: Lecture slides/ handouts

The APA reference for PowerPoint-slides and handouts depends on the accessibility. Are the slides accessible for the reader?

Slides are only available via: Blackboard, N@tschool, Moodle, Magister etc.

When the slides are part of a digital study database, you can handle them almost the same as a intranet source. In this case you just add a footnote in which you make clear that the source is only accessible via the digital study database.

Lecture slides (not publicly accessible)
APA-formatAuthorLastname, FirstInitials. (Year, month day). Title of the document [Type document]. Retrieved from http://Website
In reference listRibbers, P. (2015, August 4). Introduction in ethics [Slides]. Retrieved from http://public-sheets.uvt.com/ethics/week1/class1
In the text
  • Research suggests … (Ribbers, 2015)1.
  • Ribbers (2015)1 found that… .
In the footnote1 Source derived from Blackboard Uvt (not publicly available).

Slides publicly accessible

Is the source publicly accessible, then the reference according to the APA Style is the same as for a normal internet source.

Lecture slides (publicly accessible)
APA-formatAuthorLastname, FirstInitials. (Year, month day). Title of the document [Type document]. Retrieved from http://Website
In reference listRibbers, P. (2015, August 4). Introduction in ethics [Slides]. Retrieved from http://public-sheets.uvt.com/ethics/week1/class1
In the text
  • Research suggests … (Ribbers, 2015).
  • Ribbers (2015) found that … .
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Koen Driessen

Koen has written multiple theses and founded, together with Bas and Richard, the thesis editing company Scribbr in 2012.

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